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cheung 發問於 社會及文化語言 · 2 月前

TO不定式用法  to belong to?

Why is it so hard to find families for the dogs to belong to?

請問一下to belong to 是什麼用法

定是什麼詞性, 還有修飾什麼呢?

3 個解答

評分
  • Dustin
    Lv 4
    2 月前
    最愛解答

    似乎這題目的焦點不在於研究 dummy-it 或 empty-it 的結構, 而是探討 belong to 這 phrasal verb 的不定式的用法.

    [動作的主詞] to belong to [動作的受詞]

    這裡的不定式表示了動作的目的(purpose)或意圖(intention).

       [the dogs] "to" belong to [families]  ~ 狗隻 "去/要/想" 屬於家庭

    = [families] "to" own [the dogs]        ~ 家庭 "去/要/想" 擁有狗隻

    看看這句意思比較貼切的句子, 就會明白:

    It is not so hard to find food for me to eat.  (to eat 就是尋找的目的)

    ~ 尋找我要吃的食物並不困難。

    為什麽尋找想擁有(領養?)狗隻的家庭這樣困難?  (families that want to own the dogs)

     所以 to belong to 的詞性是副詞, 用以修飾動詞find.

    (題外話, 我想補充一點,看來to find families似乎是形容詞hard的補語, 詞性屬副詞; 多於是名詞作為句子原本的主詞哩!)

  • 2 月前

    infinitive--n,adj, is the form of the verb that can used after other verbs and with to before it., such as to in belong to; to in to find.

    We can identity the same meaning of the sentence Why is it--->It is from their meaning and their introductory word=It is.; grammatically:-eg:-

    It is so hard----S+vt

    to find families-----noun/inf.phr.(a verbal)

    for the dogs----O, a phrase

    to belong to----to-infinitive is the object of the verb "is" of reason/cause; purpose, result, condition, concession.( also a verbal)belong to vi means be the property of; be a member of' be connected with; have as a right or proper place of the adopted owner of the DOGS.

  • Louis
    Lv 7
    2 月前

    to find families是「不定詞片語」,作為本句的「延遲主詞」(delayed subject),屬「名詞」性質,因為它加上後面的「受格補語」(to belong to)後,太長了,所以用「虛的主詞」it代替,將真正的主詞延後,以免句子結構頭重腳輕,不易閱讀。

    比較下列兩句:

    不改裝的敘述句:To find families for the dogs to belong to is so hard.

    改裝的敘述句:It is so hard to find families for the dogs to belong to.

    改裝後的句子焦點可提早出現:主詞補語so hard是上面兩個句子的焦點。

    families和dogs的關係也類似下面的狀況:

    to find someone something: Will you find me my tennis racket?(兩個受詞:人+物)

    to find something for someone: Will you find my tennis racket for me?(一個受詞;物)

    即:To find the dogs families to belong to is so hard.(兩受詞+受格補語)

    To find families for the dogs to belong to is so hard.(一受詞+受格補語)

    整個不定詞片語的結構:

    to find xxx to belong to

    不定詞(不完全及物性質)+受詞+受格補語

    在上面這個不定詞片語當中,不定詞片語to belong to是「受格補語」(屬形容詞性質)。

    介系詞片語for the dogs是用來帶出這個不定詞片語在邏輯上的主詞(dogs),在文法上它是修飾不定詞片語to belong to的「修飾語」(將後面不定詞片語的語意範圍加以約束,屬副詞性質)。

    下列的不定詞片語均是句子中的「受格補語」:

    I want him to leave now.

    The man begged the judge to change his mind.

    They like him to help them in the garden.

    You don't expect me to do such a foolish thing.

    「修飾語」才有修飾的功能。「受格補語」只是補充「不完全及物動詞」(或動狀詞)的語意,使其完整(及物動詞雖有受詞,但整個語意不完整)。不定詞屬於「動狀詞」,保有動詞的這種特性。

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