summe 發問於 社會及文化語言 · 2 月 前

1.Attached please find the recommendation have made by me. Also all the items are approved(were approved) by my acting head,Lily. 哪個對.?

5 個解答

評分
  • 2 月 前
    最佳解答

    the recommendation (that) "has been" made by me

    = the recommendation I have made

    = my recommendation

    A more concise and direct way of writing the sentence :

    I have attached my recommendation (for your reference).

    Also, all the items have been approved by my acting head, Lily.

  • Jenkin
    Lv 7
    2 月 前

    all items are approved

    all items were apporved

    兩個都不太好,雖然就你的寫作程度和英文文法不計算的話,作為工作溝通,最少意義上表達也要合理才成。

    既然上文你錯誤地加入have made by me明顯你想表示這建議和批准是剛作出或剛成事的通告,因此可以按這邏輯寫成:

    all items have been approved by my Acting Head, Lily.

    理由1是假如這句是由Lily本人寫出的話用are approved便對了,因為approve的人是她本人,她可以用"現在時態"表達她批准的行為是永遠成立的,沒有時間性。但你作為引述則不可以這樣表示。

    理由2是假如用were approved只能作為"記錄性質"的敘述,但你這句是表示你的建議實在是受到批准的可以執行,而不只是告訴他人這些"建議曾經被批准了"。

    以上是寫法上的不同意義對照,假如面對的不是"英語人"而這所謂approved上沒有太大責任上的考慮的話,而單從你的選擇中批判的話,寫are approved會比寫were approved較好,最少表示這approval當下現時仍是有效的,而不是過去了的批准。如上所說,用are approved其實是表示你代你的Acting Head acting on她的approve通知。

  • 2 月 前

    (1)Attached are my recommendation for your cross reference.

    (2)All items are on approval by my acting head, Lily.

  • 匿名
    2 月 前

    多麼美好的一天拯救生命,不是嗎?

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  • 2 月 前

    (You or Sir) Please find the attached recommendation that [have made] by me. ←← "attached" 不宜作本句的主詞。

    Also all the items [have approved] by my acting head, Lily. ←← 第一二句皆使用「現在完成式」為宜。

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