英文 grammar?

Go 後面用 to-infinitive, bare-infinitive 定係 gerund

我見過以下句子

1. I went shopping yesterday.

2. I went to see a doctor yesterday.

3. You must go get your homework now.

to-infinitive, bare-infinitive 同埋 gerund 都有人用,究竟邊個先岩??

2 個解答

評分
  • SC147
    Lv 6
    3 年前
    最愛解答

    (I) gerund (verb + ing) :

     - can be used "after certain verbs"

      eg. I enjoy cooking.

        (verb) (gerund)

      eg. The crowd kept moving forwards.

             (verb)(gerund)

      *eg. I went shopping yesterday.

         (verb) (gerund)

    (II) to + infinitive :

     - can be used to SHOW PURPOSES

     eg. He came to visit his uncle this morning.

         (verb)(  purpose  )

      eg. I went to see a doctor yesterday.

        (verb)(  purpose )

      *eg. You must  go  to get your homework now.

             (verb) (    purpose   )

    (III) bare infinitive (infinitive without 'to') :

     - can be used :

     a) after 'modal verbs'

     eg. I will meet you tonight.

         ^^^^^

     b) after 'let', 'make' and (sometimes) 'help'

     eg. My parents let me go abroad.

            ^^^

     c) after 'verbs of perception' --- see, watch, hear, notice, feel, sense

     eg. I saw it walk away with a piece of meat in its mouth.

       ^^^^

     d) after 'Why'

     eg. Why go out the night before your exam?

       ^^^

    The verb "go" does not belong to any of the above (a,b,c or d)

    ✪ ∴ "go" 後面不會用 bare-infinitive !

    Conclusion:-

    =========

    1. I went shopping yesterday. (✓) -- Type I ( go + gerund )

    2. (a) I went to see a doctor yesterday. (✓) -- Type II ( go + to-infinitive )

     (b) You must go get your homework now. (X) Should be :

       You must go to get your homework now. (✓) -- Type II ( go + to-infinitive )

    3. "go" 後面不會跟 bare-infinitive !

               

  • 3 年前

    Difference uses of intransitive verb "go":

    1. travel to a place in order to take part in an activity or sport:

    go (for) something

    ~ I went shopping yesterday. (correct)

    2. travel from one place to another:

    go to do something

    ~ I went to see a doctor yesterday. (correct)

    3. move from one place to another, to show purpose or tell somebody what to do:

    go (and) do something

    ~ You must go get your homework now. (correct; with "and" left out but not bare-infinitive)

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