# Physical problems? ### 1 個解答

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4. The equations involved in calculating the thrust on an inclined plane are:

Thrust on inclined plane Fr = pg(hc).A

where p is the density of water (= 1000 kg/m^3), g is the acceleration due to gravity (= 9.81 m/s^2), hc is the vertical depth, from water surface, of the centre of mass of the plane, A is the area of the plane.

For a rectangular plane of height H and width W, the thrust acts at a distance (yr), measured in direction along the inclined plane from water surface, is

yr = yc + WH^3/(12.WH.yc)

where yc is the distance, measured in direction along the inclined plane from water surface, of the centre of mass of the plane, and

yc = hc/sin(a) where hc is the vertical depth from water surface of the centre of mass of the plane, and a is the inclined angle of the plane.

First consider the thrust acting on the left hand side of the gate,

Fr = 1000 x 9.81 x [4 - 1 x sin(60)] x (2 x 1) m = 61,489 N

The point of action of Fr is given by,

yr = yc + (1 x 2^3)/[12 x (1 x 2)yc]

where yc = [4 - 1 x sin(60)]/sin(60) m = 3.619 m

Hence, yr = 3.619 + (1 x 2^3)/[12 x (1 x 2) x 3.619] m = 3.711 m

Distance along the plane of Fr from the hinge A = yr - [(4 - 2.sin(60))/sin(60)] m

= 3.711 - [(4 - 2.sin(60))/sin(60)] m = 1.092 m

There the thrust on the left hand side of the gate is 61,489 N and acts at a distance of 1.092 m from the hinge at A.

Using the same method, the thrust on the right hand side of the gate Fr' can be found equals to 7,358 N and acts at a distance of 1.423 m from A.

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