tree 發問於 社會及文化語言 · 5 年前

ENG GRAMMER PLS

Eg : the fundamental problem facing the human race.

problem facing + noun !

吾明 face 點解可以加 ing

同點用this sentence pattern

thanks

更新:

2) the profound effect global warming has on the environment.

effect +n has/have on +noun

點用this sentence pattern

1 個解答

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  • 5 年前
    最愛解答

    (1) the fundamental problem facing the human race

    This is not a complete sentence but a noun phrase.

    "the fundamental problem" itself is a noun phrase.

    "facing the human race" is a participle phrase acting as adjective to modify the noun "problem". It can also be viewed as a reduction of the relative clause "that faces the human race".

    To complete the whole sentence, you need to have a predicate (a verb, as a minimum requirement) placed after the above noun phrase, the subject.

    e.g. The fundamental problem facing the human race [ has become more related to the issues of environmental protection ].

    where, [...] is the predicate of the sentence.

    (2) the profound effect global warming has on the environment

    Again, this is not a complete sentence but only a noun phrase.

    "the profound effect" is a noun phrase by itself.

    "(that) global warming has on the environment" is a relative clause modifying the noun "effect" with the relative pronoun "that" omitted.

    Note that this relative clause cannot be reduced to a participle phrase as in (1), because the modified noun is the object of the relative clause.

    i.e. global warming has [the profound effect] on the environment

    Again, it needs a predicate to complete the sentence.

    e.g. The profound effect global warming has on the environment has increased public awareness in recent decades.

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