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Lv 6

法庭上「撤消控訴」的問題

(1)法庭聆訊剛開始,法官即傳遞一案例(判決書)的 code no., 給庭下各人先看,隨即休庭。

這案例是否供控、辯雙方閱讀,或只給控方參考?

(2)控方閱讀後,發覺案例對控訴不利,決定「撤消控訴」。

所謂「撤消」,只不過是「延期再入禀」。

在控方向法官申請「撤消控訴」後,

(a) 辯方可否即時反對「撤消」,要求續審? 又或,

(b) 要求控方解釋「撤消」的理由,

如認為不合理,便以此為理由,提出反對?

(3) 在「休庭」其間,控方有意隱瞞「撤消控訴」的決定,極力勸辯方「庭外和解」;

直至辯方拒絕,推門入庭準備續審,才透露已準備撤消控訴。

(a) 這對控方有什麽好處?

(b) 如辯方同意考慮「庭外和解」,

控方是否不需要申請「撤消控訴」,該庭就「自動完結」嗎?

(c) 申請「撤消控訴」與「庭外和解」,對案件而言,會構成甚麽分別?

(4) (a) 案件未審過就「撤消」,需付堂費嗎?

(b) 如控方申請了 2 hr 的聆訊時間,而只用了 1 hr ,會照計 2 hr 嗎?

(5)法官提供案例,其實是間接叫控方撤消控訴,因憑這案例,控方應被判敗訴,從這角度看,法官似是在偏幫控方--- 叫他先「撤回 」,待修改後再提出控訴。但在某程度上,他又在幫辯方,因為他的案例對辯方絕對有利,若不讓控方參考案例,而即時審訊,辯方就很可能獲勝訴。

法官此舉,背後有甚麽道理?

煩請幫忙解答。謝謝!

1 個解答

評分
  • Gary
    Lv 7
    5 年前
    最愛解答

    1. Both sides.

    2

    a. No, as it is an advantage to the defendant.

    b. No. Plaintiff initiates the case. Plaintiff does not need a consent from the defendant to dismiss the case.

    However, when the plaintiff re-file the case, the defendant (through his/her lawyer) can oppose the new re-filing based on the circumstance.

    3.

    a. To a plaintiff, a settlement is still a win.

    b. No. Usually, if both sides agree for settlement, the court will allow the case to be continued in a later time. Then both sides will use this time to finalize the settlement.

    Then the plaintiff must dismiss the case.

    c. No.

    4.

    a. Yes.

    b. No. It will still be an hour. Beside - this is not your concern (As the proceeding has defects, this is the plaintiff's expense.)

    5. The court's job is to minimize disputes. Although judging the case is the job of the court, the court in fact discourages people from asking the court to do this.

    The court is to encourage both sides to settle in reducing expenses.

    Look at this way - if the defendant wins the case, and the plaintiff appeals, how much more is needed to be spent?

    So the court will rule on the merit of the case based on document on file first before admitting any evidence to see if the plaintiff really has a case or not. In this case, it is not.

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