各種講 future 既 tenses 之間既關係

請問 ‘be going to’ ‘present continuous' 'simple present' 'will' 呢幾款 talking about the future 既 tenses 之間有何分別或關係?

3 個解答

評分
  • 6 年前
    最愛解答

    WILL

    1. will 表示意向, 說話時決定

    I will wait for you.

    2. 表示說話的人認為或相信一些將來會發生的動作或事件, 經常和表將來狀語 (tomorrow, next week, soon, later, in a few days) 等連用

    Spring will come again soon.

    If I drop this glass it will break.

    3.

    a. offering to do something:

    The bag is heavy. I will help you.

    b. agreeing to do something:

    A: Can you give David this book?

    B: I will give him when I see him tonight.

    c. promising to do something:

    I won’t tell anyone. I promise.

    d. asking someone to do something:

    Will you please turn the music down?

    BE GOING TO

    會使動作看起來更可能發生, 而且更具即時性

    He is going to build a house. (暗示他已早決定, 而且可能就快動工)

    PRESENT CONTINUOUS

    1. 暗示特意安排好, 多數與一確定的時間共用, 表示最近的將來,有”安排’ , ‘意圖”, “打算” 含義

    I am seeing Tom tomorrow.

    When are you leaving?

    2. 講完說話, 動作接著會做

    ‘Peter, are you ready yet?’ “I am coming.’

    I am tired. I am going to bed. Goodnight.

    I am doing something 和 I am going to do something 很相似

    We use I am doing something when we have arranged to do it.

    e.g. arrange to meet someone

    I am going to do something = I have already decided to do it, I intend to do it.

    SIMPLE PRESENT

    1. 用來表計劃好一個或一連串的將來活動/行動, 尤其當這些行動是與旅程有關. 除此之外時間表, 節目單. schedule 也用 Simple Present

    We leave London at 10:00 next Tuesday and arrive in Paris at 13.00

    What time does the train leave this evening?

    Tomorrow is Sunday.

    I start my new job on Monday. (~ fixed plan like a timetable)

    2. 可表最近將來, 說話時還未開始行動

    What do we do next?

    Why don’t you come on Sunday?

    3. 當抽象討論未來時, 由於時間概念很弱, 可用 Simple present

    Final victory is ours.

    The future is bright.

    “English does not have a Future tense, but uses a variety of forms to talk about the future. The choice of form often depends on whether we are making a prediction, expressing an intention or talking about an arrangement.”

    英語是無 Future tense. 英語是 Germanic language (日耳曼語), 與德語, 荷蘭語, 瑞典語, 挪威語同屬一類, 只有 Present tense 和 Past tense.

    所以我們有用 Simple present, Present continuous, be going to, about to + infinitive 和用 modal verbs, will /shall + infinitive 來表示將來會發生的動作或事件

    2015-01-13 02:54:38 補充:

    你好!

    “English does not have a 'future tense' …… an arrangement.”

    ~ from Longman Advanced Learners’ Grammar

    “English verbs can show two tenses, present and past”

    - from Cambridge Grammar of English

    英國牛津, 劍橋, 朗文高級 (advanced) 文法書籍的 Index, 是無 future tense 這個 term.

    2015-01-13 03:02:30 補充:

    Linguistics 早已言及 tense只有 Present 與 Past, Modern grammarians 使用 “form” 這個字

    香港小學教小朋友 tense 有三類, Present, Past 和 Future, 甚至中學老師常用, let alone 學生

    其實喜歡叫什麼便叫什麼,

    重要是書寫句子 grammatically correct.

    2015-01-13 06:49:47 補充:

    知足常樂 ( 知識長 ):

    請參考:

    http://www.polysyllabic.com/?q=navigating/auxiliar...

    http://www.ecphorizer.com/EPS/site_page.php?issue=...

    我比較幸運, 中學英語老師清楚地解釋, 他是英國人, Those were the days!

    2015-01-13 11:43:43 補充:

    TOMING88::

    I am going to die by smoking argon for a while ~ 錯

    不是 smoking , 是 inhaling

    inhale (v) = 吸入

    Your life seemed to be too short. ~ 錯

    seemed 不是 present tense, 應該用 seems

    You'll do it.Will you? ~ 不是 Simple present

    一大堆 Non-conclusive verbs, verbs of perception 與 future 無關,

    問非所答

    2015-01-14 00:36:43 補充:

    另外還有 Future continuous, Future perfect, Future perfect continuous 用來 talk about the future.

    有一些學生不明白 Present tense (present simple, present continuous, is/are going to) 怎可以用在所謂 "Future tense"

    某些 Present tense 可代替 "Future tense" ?

    問題 將 Tense 與 Time 混淆

    2015-02-06 21:13:42 補充:

    TOMING88 一知半解

    is/are/was/were feeling 很 common

    You can never tell what he's feeling.

    I'm feeling a little better today. ~ Longman D

    I was feeling guilty.

    Luckily I was feeling in a good mood. ~ OALD

    How are you feeling?

    He's still feeling a bit weak after his operation. ~ Camb D.

    資料來源: English Grammar in Use; Longman Advanced Learners' Grammar
  • 6 年前

    「英語是無 Future tense」一句的意思是否指 動詞 的變化?

    2015-01-14 00:10:58 補充:

    Godfrey 謝謝你~

    這篇真的令大家長知識~

    ╭∧---∧╮

    │ .✪‿✪ │

    ╰/) ⋈ (\\╯

  • 6 年前

    present continuous tense can be used to show actions in future time, especially when definite arrangements have been made:-

    eg;-I am going to die by smoking argon for a while.(=be going to)

    simple present

    eg:-Your life seemed to be too short.

    eg:-Tell me how you feel !

    The verbs "seem" and "feel" are seldom used in the continuous tense (present continuous, past continuous and future continuous ). Such verbs include:-Non-conclusive verbs:-agree, belong to, consists of, forgive, hate, know, prefer, seem ; feel etc. For the verbs of perception:- feel ; taste ; seem, hear, notice, observe, recognise, see, smell, etc.

    "Will" as modal verb is used for talking about or predicting the future:-

    eg:-I'll be in time.

    eg:-How long will you be staying ?

    eg:-Mary said she'd be leaving.

    eg:-By next year all the money will have been spent

    eg:-I will check !

    eg:-Will you send the letter for me if I'm asking ?

    eg:-You'll do it.Will you?(has the simple present about the future.)

    2015-02-07 08:01:27 補充:

    Modal verbs are:-can, could, may, might, must, ought to, shall, should, will and would; Also dare,need, have to, used to.eg:-He can scold again and again.He will try and visit China.He used to smke ,but gave up already.

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