running man, man running

The running man is Ken

The man running is Ken




The injured running man is Ken

The injured man running is Ken

有咩分別 邊句岩

2 個解答

  • 6 年前

    Participle acts as an adjective in a sentence, with present participle bearing an active meaning and past participle normally giving a passive sense (with few exceptions as "fallen leaves"...).

    1. When placed in an attributive position before noun, the participle acts like a pure adjective and couldn't take object or adjunct.

    ~ The running man is Ken. ("running" as attributive adjective)

    ~ The running slowly up the hill man is Ken. (wrong)

    consider: The man, Ken, is running slowly up the hill.

    2 When placed in a predicative position after the noun it modifies, the participle acts as an adjectival phrase (a reduction of adjectival clause) and could take an object or adjunct to form a participle phrase.

    ~ The man running is Ken. (can be viewed as a reduction of " The man who is running is Ken.)

    ~ The man running slowly up the hill is Ken. (correct)

    Reporting a situation with different scenarios:

    a) Ken, an injured man (injured is an adjective), is running alone:

    ~ The running injured man is Ken.

    ~ The injured man (who is) running is Ken.

    Both sentences are correct with same meaning.

    b) Ken, an injured man (the only one injured), is running with other men:

    ~ The injured running man is Ken.

    ~ The running man (who is) injured is Ken.

    Both sentences are correct with same meaning.

    c) Ken, a man, is being injured (passive in present continuous) while running:

    ~ The running man being injured is Ken.

    2014-11-30 04:58:04 補充:


    In (2) above, if you change the subject to "Ken", you have to set off the sentence with comma:

    Ken, running slowly up the hill, is a man.

    2014-11-30 05:12:41 補充:


    c) The man being injured while running is Ken. (also correct with clearer description of actions)

  • 6 年前