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匿名 發問於 社會及文化語言 · 5 年 前

植物人-哲學比意見題

1.Imaging you are a doctor and you have to decide whether to end the life of a human being who are in permanent''vegetative state'' caused by a car accident. Your patient has no consciousness,as he shows no response to all kinds of stimuli,and the possibility for him to recover is low.The cost of keeping him ''alive'' is around HKD150,000.How would you determine what is the right thing to do? You may make your decision by considering one of the following ethical frameworks: the doctrine of sanctity of life,the doctrine of the quality of life,utilitarianism annd deontology'

2.should potential parents use genetic interventions to have the''best'' children they can?With reference to relevant ideas and/or principles from the readings and discussions,explain why or why not (you should define clearly what 'best' means before your discussion)

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  • 5 年 前
    最佳解答

    Q 1:

    # 1

    Utilitarianism is a consequence-oriented philosophy that says the best actions are those that produce the greatest good for the greatest number. The decision to keep the patient alive is based on the possibility of patient’s recovery, quality of life if the patient regains consciousness and at what cost. I think the amount of money can be put into better use on other medical facilities. The worst of all, the end result is uncertain. Whichever is most likely to bring about the most happiness (or at least the greatest balance of happiness over unhappiness) is the right action.

    # 2

    Deontological (duty-based) ethics are concerned with what people do, not with the consequences of their actions. Morality is a matter of duty. It is the duty of a doctor to save life, not to end the life of a human being, even though the chance of the patient recovering is extremely slim and the medical costs are exorbitantly high. The concept of sanctity of life is deeply entrenched in the mind.

    The question places any doctor in a dilemma. Imagining I am the attending physician and I am forced to take a stand on this issue. I opt for the first choice after weighing up all options carefully, which is sensible as long as I don’t lose sight of what is important for most people as well as the patient.

    Q 2:

    The best children are the ones who always do things (not evil deeds) to their best of ability, irrespective of their intrinsic intelligence. They should learn to accept with serenity the things that cannot be changed (不可強求, 要知足), courage to change the things which should be changed, and the wisdom to distinguish the one from the other.

    As a potential parent, I cannot but think that the idea of using genetic interventions to have the ''best'' children haunts me. What is best for one child may not be the same for others. Every child is unique.Do you like to have robot-like children who are programmed to please you? ~ Best in what? (十項全能 because of good genes!), ...

    -- continue in 意見欄

    2014-12-01 08:38:24 補充:

    Your children perform perfectly in every activity they participate.

    Perfection is a trifle dull. It is not the least of life’s ironies that this, which we all aim at, is better not quite achieved. It is important that children have a mind of their own.

    2014-12-01 08:43:14 補充:

    They must have the courage of their convictions. We live in the imperfect world. It is through endless failure and hardship that children learn humility and perseverance. All these are good maxims, although they are a little difficult to live up to.

    ~ Just my 2 cents. 只作參考.

    資料來源: R. Niebuhr
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  • 5 年 前

    From sanctity of life perspective

    It basically means life is perfect, you don't challenge it nor violate it

    Quality of life..

    Well the patient can't sense anything right? That's about quality of life then. What's good about living anymore if you can't enjoy fully your life?

    Utilitarianism

    It means anything that substantially 阻住地球轉 is bad

    Eg the cost of keeping the patient alive is very high

    So the resources allocation is not good here

    The forth one you do your own research

    2nd question

    What is meant by best children sin?remember theres a book about a man without arm or legs? he is still regarded as successful wor, was he a best children? no but definitely he is successful

    So why would those parents do that the first place?to have someone like lang lang? maybe if you want a music genius you do need some generic intervention

    But again lang lang himself said one time in an interview that he was not happy seeing all pf his people of the same age playing football, and he has no time doing that but practising his piano skills. Is he happy? Arguably no/yes, but if you parents want a happy child, having apt he best child may not achieve that

    Once you realise theres no universal definitio。of being best

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  • 5 年 前

    當所有人力物力都用盡,就由你的主決定吧。

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