BROIL ( verb) American English
~ to cook food over/under extremely high heat
broil fish, chicken
~ to make food, such as bread, cakes, by preparing a dough, batter, and cooking it with dry heat in an oven
~ to cook food using dry heat in an oven
bake cake, bread, cookies, pie, beans, fish(salmon), ham, casserole
~ to cook meat or vegetables in an oven usually in its own juice (or over a fire)
~ to heat nuts, coffee beans, quickly in order to dry them and give them a particular taste
roast chicken, turkey, beef, pork, ham, potatoes
~ to cook food over or under strong heat, For example, putting it over a flat metal frame with bars across it, above or below strong direct heat
grill steak, sausage, bacon, chop, chicken, fish(salmon), cheese, mushroom, onion, tomatoes
~ to cook food on a metal frame over a fire, usually outdoors (over hot coal, or an open fire)
barbecue chicken, meat, fish, ribs
Difference between “bake” and “roast”
When you bake or roast something, you cook it in an oven without liquid, except casserole.
You bake bread and cakes, but you roast meat. When you roast potatoes, you cook them in an oven in some fat. You can also roast a large piece of meat or a bird over a fire.
This word “barbecue”, once used in mainly of large social entertainments in the open air at which animals like pigs or oxen were roasted whole, has become suburbanized and domesticated. A modern barbecue is an outdoor feast of steak, fish or chicken (or even hamburger) cooked rapidly over hot charcoal.
2014-07-02 01:38:59 補充：
燒肉 = roast/roasted pork
叉燒 = barbecued pork
Longman English Dictionary; Modern English Usage