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Men aren’t socialised to share their feelings, especially negative ones.

以上句子文法有没有錯?

我想問是不是任何verb(socialize)加ed, 就變成adjective?

這跟Men doesn’t socialize to share their feelings, especially negative ones. 是不是一樣解釋?

謝謝大家幫手.

更新:

謝謝您詳細回答,

關於adjective 及 past participle 我有些地方不明

例如: It means that the young children exposed to stress could develop a fear of learning.

以上當中的 exposed to 是adjective 定係 past participle?

係唔係verb +ed 變adjective? 然後adjective放在subject (children )後形容 subject? 這種grammar 是甚麼, 因為我經常睇報紙都有此STRUCTURE.

2 個解答

評分
  • 7 年前
    最愛解答

    socialize 有三個解釋

    1. (intran. verb) – to spend time with other people in a friendly way

    交際, 應酬

    因為 intransitive verb, 因此無 passive voice

    2. (tran. verb) usually passive – to train someone to behave in a way that is acceptable in the society.

    使適合過社會生活﹐使合羣

    Girls are socialized into appropriate ‘feminine’ behaviour.

    Recent immigrants to Hong Kong are not fully socialized.

    3. (tran. verb) – to organize something according to the principle of socialism

    Men aren’t socialised to share their feelings, especially negative ones.

    因為 passive, 根據字面解

    男人未適應社會生活去分享他們自己的感受, 尤其是負面的 ~ 怪怪地

    你的意思多是 ~

    Men doesn’t socialize to share their feelings, especially negative ones.

    男人不應酬去分享他們自己的感受, 尤其是負面的

    意思是說男人應酬不是去分享他們自己的感受 …

    兩個意思不同

    不是任何 verb 加 +ed, 就變 adjective

    walk (verb) – walked (past tense/ p.p.) 不可能做 adjective

    許多 verb , 加 + ed, 變成 past participle, 可做 adjective

    socialized 可做 adjective

    As a socialized man, we need true riches to satisfy our physical and spiritual desires.

    Many Americans disapprove of the socialized medicine of Canada and Europe

    socialized medicine = 由政府提供,靠稅收支付的公費醫療

    It means that the young children exposed to stress could develop a fear of learning.

    exposed 是 past participle, 不是 adjective.

    exposed to stress 是 past participial phrase, functions as an adjective phrase, 形容 the young children.

    稍簡短句子可代替以下有 relative clause 句子

    It means that the young children who are exposed to stress could develop a fear of learning.

    ( be + past participle 在這句是 passive voice)

    另外例子:

    Students who are taught phonics by their teachers can sound out words.

    只將 who are 刪除

    Students taught phonics by their teachers can sound out words.

    Phonics = 讀音法

    Frustrated 做 adjective

    I met a frustrated artist. (在 noun前)

    Her attitude made her boyfriend frustrated. (在 noun後)

    Peter is frustrated.

    Frustrated 可以是 adj. 或 p.p.

    Peter is frustrated (by Joe). ~ 是 past participle

    If Peter is in a state of frustration, frustrated 是 adjective.

    You need contextual clues to help you decide whether frustrated is a past participle or an adjective.

    資料來源: Yahoo Dictionary; Longman English Dictionary
  • Jenkin
    Lv 7
    7 年前

    socialize寫成ed在這句中不是變成adjective

    而是變為are(n't) past-participle的被動動動詞 - 男人(沒有)被社會/社群化了...

    一個字成為adjective(無論是+ed還是本身)都要有它形容的東西 - 例如human/primate is social beings.

    由於social這個詞已經是adjective,所以除非很特殊的社群關係性描述才會用socialized "thing"。

    socialize這個字在這裏意思是聯誼/社交,而不是社會化(認同化/共同化)那種意思。

    你的第二句

    Men doesn’t socialize to share their feelings, especially negative ones.

    寫法和意思是正確的地道英語人會寫和明白的方式。

    由於你句子要表達的內容是關於個人(男性)感受(負面)而不是社群性的(socalized)關係的問題,所以不會寫socalized.

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