匿名
匿名 發問於 社會及文化語言 · 8 年前

請問 wish 和 hope 這兩個英文字之間的分別:

請問 wish 和 hope 這兩個英文字之間的分別:

它們的意思到底有什麼分別,或是有什麼細微分別?

它們在個別詞性下要怎麼使用?

它們分別要在什麼情況下才可使用?

希望英文這方面的高手能來回答我這個問題,多謝!

4 個解答

評分
  • 8 年前
    最愛解答

    Wish 是願望, Hope 是希望, 很多時互用, 它們的微細含意和用法不同, 容易混亂

    WISH

    (a) Wish + infinitive (meaning want to)

    I wish to go to Boston.

    Wish + pronoun + infinitive

    Do you wish me to come back earlier?

    表示說話的人願望, 但對這種心願是否能實現, 未加考慮

    (b) wish that ……………..

    表示一種夢想, 心願, 或對過去發生的事發表評論或感嘆

    I wish I lived in Boston.

    My brother wished (that) he had not done that.

    Wish + that-clause is not generally used for wishes about things that seem possible in the future. We often use hope in this sense.

    (c) wish + somebody + something ( two objects)

    表示祝福 (a fixed expression of good wishes)

    I wish you a pleasant trip.

    We wish you a Merry Christmas.

    HOPE

    表示想做的事或期待出現某種積極而有利的結果, 而這種希望是可以實現

    a) hope + infinitive

    He hopes to become doctor.

    (b) hope that ………

    I hope that you can help me.

    Wish 和 Hope 最大的分別是

    如果是夢想, 假設, 不能實現

    Clauses after wish are formed with subjunctive.(假設語氣)

    後面的 verb 是 past tense, but the sentence is present and future in meaning.

    I wish I knew Spanish. (~ but I don’t know Spanish

    I wish I had more friends. (~ but I don’t have many friends.)

    I wish I were young. (~ but I am not young.)

    You can also use would and could. (~ express regret or annoyance)

    I wish he would come.

    When talking about things that you would like to have happened, use wish and the past perfect tense. (~wishes in the past)

    I wish I had paid more attention in class. (已經發生, 早知…是感嘆)

    Hope 多數是講將來, 不會用 subjunctive

    The verb hope is used with either present or future, when there is no question of human ‘willingness “

    I hope it snows (will snow) tomorrow.

    When human willingness is involved, you must use future

    I hope you will visit us. (= an invitation)

    wish 和 hope 可以做 noun

    verb (express, fulfill, make, respect, grant, meet, obey, ignore, go against) + wish

    wish + verb (come true)

    verb (boost, bring, raise, cling to, give up, lose, kill, crush, destroy, end, offer) + hope

    hope + verb (grow, die, remain, fade)

    資料來源: Practical English Usage ~ Swan
  • rhody
    Lv 7
    8 年前

    你所有的疑問,這裡有完整的論述,要耐心看

  • 8 年前

    wish係但願

    而hope係希望

    兩者的分別在於wish是已發生過的事而“你”想要時間退後讓事情可以重生放發生過

    而hope是你希望將來你想怎樣

    eg. i wish i can redo the test again.

    i hope that i will be a doctor in the future.

  • 8 年前

    wish:

    vt.及物動詞:

    1.但願

    I wish I were really wealthy. 但願我真的富有。

    2.想要;希望,渴望

    What do you wish me to do? 你想要我做什麼?

    3.祝,祝願

    I wish you a happy birthday. 祝你生日快樂。

    vi.不及物動詞:

    1.希望,想要

    We have everything we can wish for. 我們希望得到的東西都有了。

    n名詞:

    1.希望, 願望

    Her wish to become a doctor has come true. 她想當醫生的願望實現了。

    2.心願, 想要的東西

    3.祝福, 祈頌

    Please send her my good wishes when you write to her. 你給她寫信時,請代我向她致意。

    hope:

    vt. 及物動詞:

    1.希望, 盼望

    I hope that he will succeed. 我期望他會成功。

    vi. 不及物動詞:

    1.希望, 期待

    Everyone hopes for snow. 人人盼望下雪。

    n. 名詞:

    1.希望, 期望

    You mustn't give up hope. 你一定不要絕望。

    2.可能性;期待

    We have a slim hope of success. 我們有一線成功的希望。

    3.被寄託希望的人(或物)

    You are my only hope. 你是我唯一的希望。

    資料來源: me
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