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ling 發問於 社會及文化語言 · 7 年前

有關ing的用法!!(急)

以下2段文字:

The interior of car was not cold,but the trees bending in the harsh wind.

點解 trees 後用 bending???五系 bend?? 甘個 verb 系邊??

呢d 系 gerund??

另外, She had not got around to placing it yet.

點解 to 後 用 ing???五系咩都五轉得咩?

求解答!!

3 個解答

評分
  • 7 年前
    最愛解答

    The interior of car was not cold, but the trees which bent in the harsh wind.

    (兩個 verbs, was 和 bent, 它們都是 past tense)

    The interior of car was not cold, but the trees bending in the harsh wind.

    (只有一個 main verb, 是was. “standing” 是 present participle.)

    兩句子意思相同, 一個使用 relative pronoun, which, 一個用 present participle.

    but 在這句是 preposition, 不是 conjunction

    “bending in the harsh wind” is an active participle phrase. Participle phrase is an efficient way of giving more information about a noun (trees) and can often replace a defining relative clause.

    Standing 在這句不是 gerund . standing 不當 noun 用

    Gerund is the –ing form used like a noun.

    He gave up smoking.

    Sailing is fun.

    (smoking 和 sailing 都是 gerund)

    Consider the following example:

    The student is very noisy. The student lives upstairs. (~ two separate sentences)

    The student who lives upstairs is very noisy. (~ “who lives upstairs” is a relative clause)

    The student living upstairs is very noisy. (“living upstairs” ~ active participle phrase)

    She had not got around to placing it yet.

    to 在這句子是 preposition, 不是作 to-infinitive, 所以用 –ing

    “To” can be a preposition, or it can be part of a to-infinitive.

    I am looking forward to seeing you. (look forward to + gerund)

    I hope to see you. (hope + to-infinitive)

    After a preposition “to”, we can put a noun phrase instead of a gerund.

    I am looking forward to next weekend.

    We cannot do this with a to-infinitive.

    You cannot say “I want to dinner”, so you do not say “I want to eating.” You do say “I want to eat.”

    題外

    你最好記住:

    get round to, admit to, confess to, object to, resort to, be accustomed to, be close to, be dedicated to, resign oneself to, devote oneself to …. etc. 都是用 gerund

    特別小心:

    used to-infinitive 過去經常

    e.g. I used to drive in London.

    (It refer to habits or states which happened or were true in the past but are no longer the case)

    be used to + gerund 習慣于

    e.g. I am/was used to driving in London.

    (It refers to how familiar something is for someone; it can occur in different tense forms.)

    2012-11-19 10:53:40 補充:

    Sorry, 寫錯了 standing

    Correction:

    bending 在這句不是 gerund . bending 不當 noun 用

    Gerund is the –ing form used like a noun.

    資料來源: Longman English Dictionary
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  • Jenkin
    Lv 7
    7 年前

    問得好...

    The interior of car was not cold,but the trees bending in the harsh wind.

    這句作者運用了一句式或平行分句一種不常用的技巧(由於不知句的由來,如果是小說或者是故事描述而不是正規的學科或文法書例子的話),讓我大膽地講前後的兩句是冋用一個was動詞,因此but後面那句作者特登skip(漏)了唔寫...因為再寫多 一次讀者便不會產生一種對比的和唔對稱或者像你感到不安的感覺,從而叫人跳過文法的框框而注意多一點內容的形容...

    其實要修正便是:

    The interior of car was not cold,but the trees were bending in the harsh wind.

    便平平穩穩對對稱稱又文法正確又句式完整,不過就是少了那凹凸不平的位以突出but前後兩個情景的對比(留意對比的描寫也不是not cold對cold/chill/freeze而是not cold 對windy(harsh wind)加上用吹到彎著的樹來圖像化的表達。

    2012-11-19 16:16:37 補充:

    She had not got around to placing it yet.

    當中got around to是一種prepositional phrase連住一起作為一個片語意思,所以接著的verb便不用infinitive而是改為gerund. 樓上Godfrey已解得透徹。

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  • 7 年前

    The interior of car was not cold,but the trees (bending in the harsh wind.)

    點解 trees 後用 bending???五系 bend?? 甘個 verb 系邊??

    呢d系gerund??

    ##其實括住bending in the harsh wind係verb adjective形容trees.

    另外, She had not got around to placing it yet.

    點解 to 後 用 ing???五系咩都五轉得咩?

    ##其實to後面之所以用ing係因為get around to 係一個phrase意思係”抽出時間來做”平日任何preposition (for example: to, in, on, at)後都是infinitive!

    資料來源: myself
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