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Turing at the time of his election to Fellowship of the Royal Society. Born Alan Mathison Turing
(1912-06-23)23 June 1912
Maida Vale, London, England, United Kingdom Died 7 June 1954(1954-06-07) (aged 41)
Wilmslow, Cheshire, England, United Kingdom Residence United Kingdom Nationality British Fields Mathematics, Cryptanalysis, Computer science Institutions University of Cambridge
Government Code and Cypher School
National Physical Laboratory
University of ManchesterAlma mater King's College, Cambridge
Princeton UniversityDoctoral advisor Alonzo Church Doctoral students Robin Gandy Known for Halting problem
Cryptanalysis of the Enigma
Automatic Computing Engine
Turing patterns Notable awards Officer of the Order of the British Empire
Fellow of the Royal SocietyAlan Mathison Turing, OBE, FRS (
/ˈtjʊərɪŋ/ TEWR-ing; 23 June 1912 – 7 June 1954), was a British mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst, and computer scientist. He was highly influential in the development of computer science, giving a formalisation of the concepts of "algorithm" and "computation" with the Turing machine, which can be considered a model of a general purpose computer. Turing is widely considered to be the father of computer science and artificial intelligence.During World War II, Turing worked for the Government Code and Cypher School (GCCS) at Bletchley Park, Britain's codebreaking centre. For a time he was head of Hut 8, the section responsible for German naval cryptanalysis. He devised a number of techniques for breaking German ciphers, including the method of the bombe, an electromechanical machine that could find settings for the Enigma machine.
For detail, click: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alan_Turing