Coey 發問於 社會及文化語言 · 8 年前

Simlp past

點解Simlp past(過去式)一定要背???????

2 個解答

評分
  • 8 年前
    最愛解答

    Regular verb 的 past tense 是加 –ed ,

    例如:work-worked, watch-watched

    當verb字尾部是 –e 只加 –d, 除了irregular verbs

    die-died-died, close-closed-closed, phone-phoned-phoned

    Irregular verbs 的 past tense和 past participle, 一定要背. 原因不是加 –ed 或加 -d 這麼簡單, 整個字轉了spelling,沒有 rule可以遵循.

    例如 write-wrote-written, take-took-taken, drink-drank-drunk, stand-stood-stood, 要死記.

    除了這一點之外, 一部分verbs 的past tense沒有變, 不用更改 例如 put-put-put 僅記這個list 的verbs

    bet, burst, cast, cost, cut, hit, hurt, let, put, quit, read, reset, set, shed, shut, slit, split, spread, thrust, upset

    當verb字尾部是 –ic 加 –ked

    mimic-mimicked-mimicked, panic-panicked-picnicked, picnic-picnicked-picnicked,

    當verb字尾部 consonant + y, -y 轉為 –ied

    例如: carry-carried-carried, marry-married-married, fry-fried-fried

    fly 是irregular verb. fly-flew-flown

    字尾部 vowel + y,只加 –ed

    例如: obey-obeyed-obeyed, pay-played-played, stay-stayed-stayed

    pay 是irregular verb. pay-paid-paid

    小心下列各字:

    find (發現) -found-found

    found (創立) -founded-founded

    lie (躺著) -lay-lain

    lie (說謊) -lied-lied

    lay (放置, 產) -laid-laid

    hang (懸掛) -hung-hung

    hang (絞死) -hanged-hanged

    see (看見) – saw-seen

    saw (拉鋸) -sawed-sawn (US: sawed)

    The list is not exhaustive.

    注解:

    vowel: a, e, i, o, u (共有 5 個)

    其他 alphabets (共有 21 個) 是consonant (b, c, d……..x, y, z)

    2012-02-25 09:16:26 補充:

    Correction:

    play-played-played

    • Commenter avatar登入以回覆解答
  • Ling
    Lv 7
    8 年前

    YES一定要背 和九因歌- irregular verbs - go went gone, do did done, come came come

    regular verb + ed = play played, talk talked, look looked

    • Commenter avatar登入以回覆解答
還有問題嗎?立即提問即可得到解答。