- KevinLv 79 年前最愛解答
It plays a major role in metabolism and has a number of functions in the body including glycogen storage, plasma protein synthesis, and drug detoxification. It also produces bile, which is important in digestion. Medical terms related to the liver often start in hepato- or hepatic from the Greek word for liver, hepar.
The liver has a multitude of important and complex functions. Some of these functions are to:
Manufacture (synthesize) proteins, including albumin (to help maintain the volume of blood) and blood clotting factors
Synthesize, store, and process (metabolize) fats, including fatty acids (used for energy) and cholesterol
Metabolize and store carbohydrates, which are used as the source for the sugar (glucose) in blood that red blood cells and the brain use
Form and secrete bile that contains bile acids to aid in the intestinal absorption (taking in) of fats and the fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K.
Eliminate, by metabolizing and/or secreting, the potentially harmful biochemical products produced by the body, such as bilirubin from the breakdown of old red blood cells and ammonia from the breakdown of proteins
Detoxify, by metabolizing and/or secreting, drugs, alcohol, and environmental toxins