電腦高手進

更新:

運隆,, 用用腦先答

2 個解答

評分
  • 世威
    Lv 4
    9 年前
    最愛解答

    用原始檔將網頁內須要的字COPY出來~放在記事簿中~再SAVE為HTML~~開出來就可以直接COPY~~~不過只限這個網頁~~其他網頁的情況可能會有所不同~~可能要用其他方法~~~

    McClelland's Theory of Needs

    In his acquired-needs theory, David McClelland proposed that an individual's specific needs are acquired over time and are shaped by one's life experiences. Most of these needs can be classed as either achievement, affiliation, or power. A person's motivation and effectiveness in certain job functions are influenced by these three needs. McClelland's theory sometimes is referred to as the three need theory or as the learned needs theory.

    Achievement

    People with a high need for achievement (nAch) seek to excel and thus tend to avoid both low-risk and high-risk situations. Achievers avoid low-risk situations because the easily attained success is not a genuine achievement. In high-risk projects, achievers see the outcome as one of chance rather than one's own effort. High nAch individuals prefer work that has a moderate probability of success, ideally a 50% chance. Achievers need regular feedback in order to monitor the progress of their acheivements. They prefer either to work alone or with other high achievers.

    Affiliation

    Those with a high need for affiliation (nAff) need harmonious relationships with other people and need to feel accepted by other people. They tend to conform to the norms of their work group. High nAff individuals prefer work that provides significant personal interaction. They perform well in customer service and client interaction situations.

    Power

    A person's need for power (nPow) can be one of two types - personal and institutional. Those who need personal power want to direct others, and this need often is perceived as undesirable. Persons who need institutional power (also known as social power) want to organize the efforts of others to further the goals of the organization. Managers with a high need for institutional power tend to be more effective than those with a high need for personal power.

    2011-08-16 10:23:14 補充:

    McClelland's Theory of Needs

    In his acquired-needs theory, David McClelland proposed that an individual's specific needs are acquired over time and are shaped by one's life experiences. Most of these needs can be classed as either achievement, affiliation, or power.

    2011-08-16 10:23:35 補充:

    A person's motivation and effectiveness in certain job functions are influenced by these three needs. McClelland's theory sometimes is referred to as the three need theory or as the learned needs theory.

    2011-08-16 10:23:56 補充:

    Achievement

    People with a high need for achievement (nAch) seek to excel and thus tend to avoid both low-risk and high-risk situations. Achievers avoid low-risk situations because the easily attained success is not a genuine achievement. In high-risk projects,

    2011-08-16 10:24:18 補充:

    achievers see the outcome as one of chance rather than one's own effort. High nAch individuals prefer work that has a moderate probability of success, ideally a 50% chance.

    2011-08-16 10:24:35 補充:

    Achievers need regular feedback in order to monitor the progress of their acheivements. They prefer either to work alone or with other high achievers.

    2011-08-16 10:24:57 補充:

    Affiliation

    Those with a high need for affiliation (nAff) need harmonious relationships with other people and need to feel accepted by other people. They tend to conform to the norms of their work group.

    2011-08-16 10:25:19 補充:

    High nAff individuals prefer work that provides significant personal interaction. They perform well in customer service and client interaction situations.

    Power

    A person's need for power (nPow) can be one of two types - personal and institutional.

    2011-08-16 10:25:42 補充:

    Those who need personal power want to direct others, and this need often is perceived as undesirable. Persons who need institutional power (also known as social power) want to organize the efforts of others to further the goals of the organization.

    2011-08-16 10:26:13 補充:

    Managers with a high need for institutional power tend to be more effective than those with a high need for personal power.

    Thematic Apperception Test

    McClelland used the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) as a tool to measure the individual needs of different people.

    2011-08-16 10:26:32 補充:

    The TAT is a test of imagination that presents the subject with a series of ambiguous pictures, and the subject is asked to develop a spontaneous story for each picture. The assumption is that the subject will project his or her own needs into the story.

    2011-08-16 10:28:01 補充:

    有字數限制~無法全部貼出

    2011-08-16 10:31:52 補充:

    字數限制無法貼全部

  • Tyrael
    Lv 5
    9 年前

    按 CTRL + A,再按 CTRL + C 就可以複製,再貼到你想貼的位置即可。

還有問題嗎?立即提問即可得到解答。