Nitration Of Methyl Benzoate
1) why were crystals formed washed with water before recrystallisation?
2) what happens during recrystillisation to:
b) the main product
3) how is the loss of the product kept to a minium during recrystallisation?
4) what are the usual stages in the purification of an organic solid?
very urgent !!! thanks alot !!!!
- 己式庚辛Lv 79 年前最愛解答
these should have been learnt when you study recrystallization!
how come you don't know these when you're doing organic synthesis?
to wash away / remove any soluble impurities, like salts and unreacted acids.
impurities remain in the impure solution.
main product crystallizes to give large solid particles.
use minimal amount of solvent; solubility of product is high at high temp., at vice versa.
depends on the composition of matrix.
for example, if you're purifying acid from mixture of water-insoluble substances, first react with excess base. this turns acid into water-soluble salts.
then do solvent extraction to collect salt of acid.
recover by adding acid, followed by immediate recrystallization or further solvent extraction.
washing during filtering is a must.