小云 發問於 社會及文化語言 · 10 年前

英文文法問題,請高手幫幫忙~

One of Britains last remaining internationally-renowned environmental

research laboratories is being closed , to the dismay of environmentalists.

to the dismay of environmentalists 是什麼文法和解釋?

Britain's first national waterway walk has opened alongside the 200-kilometre Grand Union Canal from London to Birmingham,following improvements to the towpath costing 1 million

following improvements to the towpath costing 1 million這句怎樣解?

4 個解答

評分
  • 10 年前
    最愛解答

    問題一:

    to the dismay of environmentalists = 令環保人士氣餒(的是)

    這種句型放在句首句尾都可以。你把上頭 "令環保人士氣餒的是:" 放在最前面,解釋就很清楚了。

    類似句型(只有背起來):

    to my surprise; to everyone's astonishment 令人/我驚訝的是

    問題二:

    following improvements to the towpath costing 1 million

    後續曳船道的改進花費一百萬(英鎊)

    這是分詞構句,假設後半句主詞 following improvements to the towpath = A

    那麼,句型就是:

    主要子句, A costing 1 millon = 主要子句,and A costs 1 million

    分詞構句就是使用分詞 costing 取代 and...costs (所以costing 不是動名詞)

    比較簡單的例子: I did pushups and he waited. = I did pushups, he waiting.

  • 10 年前

    to the dismay of environmentalists : (副詞片語) 令環保人士沮喪地

    following improvements to the towpath costing 1 million

    (這個following是分詞, 用法相當於介系詞after)

    在花費百萬元的曳船道改善工程之後

  • 10 年前

    第一題 002 的答案很完美,無需補充。

    第二題關鍵在逗點之後的

    following,基本上有三種情況:

    1) ,following

    (prep)意思是national waterway walk 的開放是跟在improvements 之後,也就是說先花了一百萬施工後才開放

    2), the following (adj) improvements … 是後續工程的意思,就是說先開放但還有後續改進還沒做。

    **如果後段有動詞則 the following 之前必須用分號,不可以用逗點。

    **如果 the

    following 之後沒有別的字則當名詞用。

    3) , followed (adj) by - 意思和 2)一樣,不過是用來描述前段的Opening of national waterway walk, 跟在它後面的是 $1 million 的 improvements.

    2011-02-15 01:19:44 補充:

    You can take a horse to the lake, but you cannot make him drink the water.

  • 阿輔
    Lv 4
    10 年前

    你好!

    to the dismay of environmentalists

    = 對於環保人士的心慌意亂(to=介係詞, the dismay of environmentalists=名詞)

    One of Britains last remaining internationally-renowned environmental

    research laboratories is being closed , to the dismay of environmentalists. (=其中一個英國僅存名揚國際的環保研究實驗室被關閉了。)

    following improvements to the towpath costing1 million.

    = 對於搖曳路之接下來的改善計畫需耗資一百 萬元。(following=形容詞, 接下來的improvements=名詞, 改善 to=介係詞, 關於 the towpath=名詞, 沿河岸拖船時所行的搖曳路costing=動名詞 花費 1 million=名詞, 一百萬)

    Britain's first national waterway walk has opened alongside the 200-kilometre Grand Union Canal from London to Birmingham,following improvements to the towpath costing 1 million (=英國第一個水路步道已經開放了,沿著Grand Union Canal從倫敦至伯明罕市,對於搖曳路的接下來之改善計畫需花費一百萬元。)

    資料來源: text book
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