匿名
匿名 發問於 社會及文化語言 · 1 十年前

grammer

the liver regulates shen,influencing on emotional response in particular.

why before influencing has no aux. verb??

it is not adjective..........

why

3 個解答

評分
  • 1 十年前
    最愛解答

    In this sentence "influencing" is a verbal (present participle) and functions as an adjective to describe the liver. Although "influencing" can also be a gerund (another form of verbal ), and therefore does not follow an auxiliary verb, it is not functioning as a gerund in this sentence, because "gerund" is a noun, which isn't the case here.

    The sentence can be presented in four ways:

    (1) The liver regulates shen, influencing emotional response in particular. (*influencing as a present participle verbal, heading up an adjective phrase).

    (2) The liver regulates shen, with influence on emotional response in particular. (*influence as a noun within the prepositional phrase headed by "with").

    (3) The liver regulates shen, and influences emotional response in particular. (*inlluences as a main verb within the "and" clause).

    (4) The liver regulates shen, and has influence on emotional response in particular. (*influence as a noun, after the auxiliary verb "has", which is used as a main verb within the "and" clause".)

    Note that example one and two involve one main sentence and one main verb, with a phrase, while the other two examples involve a main clause and a sub-ordinated clause, with one verb in each clause.

    Also take note that "influence" is used either as a "transitive verb" or as a "noun", and can only be followed by a preposition when used as a noun.

    In the original sentence, some people will argue that "influencing" is used as a gerund. I don't agree but am not certain. If the argument is correct, "influencing" will be a noun and will justify the use of the preposition "on" after it.

    2010-12-28 09:06:41 補充:

    In example 3, we don't use "is influencing" because it will become a "continuous tense" and won't match the main clause.

    資料來源: my past learning
  • 1 十年前

    Dunno about this posh grammar stuff but influence when used as a verb is followed by in not on so the sentence is wrong. IMO influence doesn't collocate with emotional response either but I can't be sure..

  • 匿名
    1 十年前

    我推薦您一個非常不錯的英語學習網站,里面有很多非常不錯的學習資源:

    http://www.hkenglishstudy.info/

    希望可以幫到你!

還有問題嗎?立即提問即可得到解答。