Peggy 發問於 文學及人文學歷史 · 1 十年前

America's changes 1920 Vs 1930

America's changes or differences between 1920s and 1930s

Its a turn of the decade of America

please contrast 1920's America to America during the 1930's

its better to indicate:

-a graphic display, such as maps, charts, graphs, pictures

-a literary or lyrical component (poems, song lyrics, quotes)

-an original written piece

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  • 1 十年前
    最愛解答

    圖片參考:http://imgcld.yimg.com/8/n/HA00782940/o/7010042100...

    Refer to your question, it seems to be together as "The changes of America's Arts between 1920s and 1930s". During this decade of Amercia, Many American artists worked in the Impressionist style into the 1920s, but innovation had long since waned. By 1910, the less genteel approach of urban realists known as the Ashcan School had emerged. In 1913, the immense display of avant-garde European art at the Armory Show made even the Ashcan School seem old-fashioned. Nevertheless, the American Impressionists' focus on familiar subjects and rapid technique left an indelible mark on American painting. Their works bear witness to their creators' experiences abroad and at home, and offer tantalizing reflections of a dynamic period as well as enchanting records of color and light.

    A new vanguard emerged in the early 1930s, primarily in New York, where a small group of loosely affiliated artists created a stylistically diverse body of work that introduced radical new directions in art—and shifted the art world's focus. Never a formal association, the artists known as "Abstract Expressionists" or "The New York School" did, however, share some common assumptions. Among others, artists advanced audacious formal inventions in a search for significant content. Breaking away from accepted conventions in both technique and subject matter, the artists made monumentally scaled works that stood as reflections of their individual psyches—and in doing so, attempted to tap into universal inner sources. These artists valued spontaneity and improvisation, and they accorded the highest importance to process. Their work resists stylistic categorization, but it can be clustered around two basic inclinations: an emphasis on dynamic, energetic gesture, in contrast to a reflective, cerebral focus on more open fields of color.......(to be cont. in supp./comm. field)

    圖片參考:http://imgcld.yimg.com/8/n/HA00782940/o/7010042100...

    2010-04-24 05:47:25 補充:

    In either case, the imagery was primarily abstract. Even when depicting images based on visual realities, the Abstract Expressionists favored a highly abstracted mode.

    2010-04-24 05:47:58 補充:

    Abstract Expressionism developed in the context of diverse, overlapping sources and inspirations. Many of the young artists had made their start in the 1930s. The Great Depression yielded two popular art movements, Regionalism and Social Realism,

    2010-04-24 05:48:32 補充:

    neither of which satisfied this group of artists' desire to find a content rich with meaning and redolent of social responsibility, yet free of provincialism and explicit politics. The Great Depression also spurred the development of government relief programs,

    2010-04-24 05:48:52 補充:

    including the Works Progress Administration (WPA), a jobs program for unemployed Americans in which many of the group participated, and which allowed so many artists to establish a career path.

    2010-04-24 05:49:39 補充:

    But it was the exposure to and assimilation of European modernism that set the stage for the most advanced American art. There were several venues in New York for seeing avant-garde art from Europe. The Museum of Modern Art had opened in 1929,

    2010-04-24 05:50:18 補充:

    and there artists saw a rapidly growing collection acquired by director Alfred H. Barr, Jr. They were also exposed to groundbreaking temporary exhibitions of new work, including Cubism and Abstract Art (1936), Fantastic Art, Dada, Surrealism (1936–37),

    2010-04-24 05:55:20 補充:

    and retrospectives of Matisse, Léger, and Picasso, among others. Another forum for viewing the most advanced art was Albert Gallatin's Museum of Living Art, which was housed at New York University from 1927 to 1943.

    2010-04-24 05:55:41 補充:

    There the Abstract Expressionists saw the work of Mondrian, Gabo, El Lissitzky, and others. The forerunner of the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum—the Museum of Non-Objective Painting—opened in 1939. Even prior to that date, its collection of Kandinskys had been publicly exhibited several times.

    2010-04-24 05:56:08 補充:

    The lessons of European modernism were also disseminated through teaching. The German expatriot Hans Hofmann (1880–1966) became the most influential teacher of modern art in the United States, and his impact reached both artists and critics.

    2010-04-24 05:56:39 補充:

    The crisis of war and its aftermath are key to understanding the concerns of the Abstract Expressionists. These young artists, troubled by man's dark side and anxiously aware of human irrationality and vulnerability, wanted to express their concerns in a new art of meaning and substance.

    2010-04-24 05:56:58 補充:

    Direct contact with European artists increased as a result of World War II, which caused so many—including Dalí, Ernst, Masson, Breton, Mondrian, and Léger—to seek refuge in the U.S. The Surrealists opened up new possibilities with their emphasis on tapping the unconscious.

    2010-04-24 05:57:15 補充:

    One Surrrealist device for breaking free of the conscious mind was psychic automatism—in which automatic gesture and improvisation gain free rein.

    資料來源: The Metropolitan Museum of Art+me
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