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麻煩中文翻譯英文!!原整通順句子吾該!!

1. 人民幣升值對各行各業的影響

長遠來看,人民幣升值將對中國的宏觀經濟結構、產業競爭力、經濟增長方式以及商品價格體系產生深遠的影響。而短期來看,人民幣升值對行業的影響主要分為三種類型:一、因大量持有以外幣計價的資產或負債而受到影響,典型的有航空、電力、電信三大行業。二、以外幣計價的資產貶值,影響企業利潤。以外幣計價的負債也將因此下降,實際上減輕了企業的債務。三、因銷售產品、生產成本構成結構不同而受到影響。

2. 航空業:匯兌損益帶來短期利好

人民幣升值對航空公司的益處只是匯兌損益的增長,而航空業面臨的整體發展趨勢并沒有發生改變。升值帶來的航油、航材等成本的下降也將使所有航空公司普遍受益。

3. 銀行業:總體影響有限

人民幣升值對銀行的影響有五個方面:即資產負債净額、資產負債幣種結構調整、收入結構、資本充足率以及來自客戶的間接影響。人民幣升值對銀行的匯率損失,導致銀行的净利潤分別下降。從收入結構上看,人民幣升值將導致各銀行的匯兌收益增加,外匯理財風險上升。人民幣升值對銀行資本充足率的影響包括(1)外幣資產貶值導致資本減少;(2)匯率風險加大,使衍生產品的市場風險增加,從而擴大風險資產總額。

4. 家電:出口利潤將長期受制

人民幣升值將對家電行業產生負面影響,從輕到重依次是空調、照明、手機和彩電等子行業。家電企業在簽訂出口訂單時普遍采取「閉口合同」(產品價格已確定)形式,因而人民幣升值短期內對各公司出口盈利狀况存在明顯的負面影響。人民幣升值將使得以出口為主要市場的中小家電企業的生存環境進一步惡化,從而在客觀上推動家電行業廠商集中度的進一步提高。

5. 房地產:推動房地產價格上揚

人民幣升值有利於提高內資和外資對房地產的需求,并且外資需求效應大於內資需求效應。人民幣升值有利於提高房地產公司存貨價值,有利於降低建築成本。上市公司存貨等資產有重估機會,可以適當關注每股存貨高、具有一定資金和土地優勢的公司。除匯率影響外,目前的房地產行業基本面主要還是取決於后續調控政策走勢。房地產公司開發模式轉型是大勢所趨,原有的高實際投入資本回報率必然回歸。

2 個解答

評分
  • 1 十年前
    最愛解答

    1. the RMB to businesses

    In the long run, the revaluation of the Chinese macroeconomic structure, industrial competitiveness, economic growth, and commodity price system. While the short term, RMB on industry are divided into three types: first, due to large numbers of the foreign currency valuation held to assets or liabilities, typical air, electric power, Telecom three industries. Second, in a foreign currency valuation of assets, the impact of corporate profits. Foreign currency valuation of liabilities also will therefore decline, actually reducing the company's debt. By selling products, production cost structure is different.

    2. the aviation industry: Exchange brings the short-term benefit of RMB to airline benefits just unrealized's growth, air industry overall trend does not change. Appreciation of aviation fuel, supplies and other costs will also enable all airlines generally benefit.

    3. the limited impact of banking: total RMB on banks of five areas: that is, the balance of net, balance currency structure, income structure, capital adequacy and from customers and the indirect effects. RMB to the Bank's exchange rate losses that result in the Bank's net profit respectively. From income structure, the Renminbi will result in the banks of an exchange gain increased, rising foreign exchange financing risk. Renminbi appreciation on the impact of bank capital adequacy include (1) foreign currency assets reduce lead capital; (2) exchange rate risk, derivatives risk increases the market, thereby expanding the total risk assets.

    2010-04-20 20:43:19 補充:

    4. the household appliances: export earnings will long-term subject of RMB will adversely affect the appliance industry, from light to heavy are air conditioning, lighting, cell phones and TV and other child industry.

    2010-04-20 20:43:50 補充:

    Household enterprises in signing export orders generally take "closed contracts" (price determined) form, and thus the Renminbi on companies export profitability clearly negative effects.

    2010-04-20 20:44:42 補充:

    5. promote real estate: real estate prices of RMB can help improve the domestic and foreign investors in real estate needs and foreign demand effect is greater than the domestic demand effect.

    2010-04-20 20:44:52 補充:

    Renminbi appreciation can help improve the value of real estate inventory, which contribute to reducing construction costs. ue attention per share stock high,

    2010-04-20 20:45:01 補充:

    have a certain advantage funds and land. In addition to

    exCompanies listed on the stock of assets you can have an opportunity to reassess dchange rate effects,

    2010-04-20 20:45:06 補充:

    the current real estate industry fundamentals are still depends on subsequent control policy trend. Real estate company development model transformation is a general trend, the original high return on investment capital will return.

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  • 1 十年前

    1. RMB appreciation impact on all walks of life

    The long run, RMB appreciation to China's macro-economic structure, industrial competitiveness, economic growth and commodity prices have a profound impact system. The short term, the impact of RMB appreciation on the industry is divided into three types: one, because large holders of foreign currency denominated assets or liabilities affected by the typical aviation, electricity, telecommunications, the three major sectors. Second, the depreciation of assets denominated in foreign currencies and affect corporate profits. Liabilities denominated in foreign currencies will decline, therefore, actually reduce the company's debt. Third, because of selling products, the cost of manufacturing different structures affected.

    2. Aviation industry: short-term favorable exchange gains and losses

    RMB appreciation on the benefits of airline growth of exchange gains and losses only, while the aviation industry as a whole trend has not changed. CAO brought appreciation, a decline in aircraft materials and other costs will also benefit from all the airlines in general.

    3. Banking: a limited overall impact

    RMB appreciation on the bank of five areas: the assets and liabilities net of assets and liabilities currency restructuring, income structure, capital adequacy ratio, as well as indirect effects from the customer. Appreciation of the RMB exchange rate losses on the bank, resulting in decreased net profit of banks. Judging from the revenue structure, revaluation of the RMB exchange rate will lead to increased earnings of the banks, foreign exchange increased financial risk. RMB appreciation on the capital adequacy ratio of banks, including (1) foreign currency assets and the depreciation of the capital reduction; (2) the exchange rate, and increased risk to increased risk of derivative products in the market, thereby expanding the total amount of risky assets.

    2010-04-21 20:01:21 補充:

    打唔晒的寄左比你

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