e 發問於 社會及文化語言 · 10 年 前

有冇人可以幫翻譯下呢段英文?

改革開放以來歷次宏觀調控的經驗

  1.“熱身”:1979年—1981年的宏觀調控。

  宏觀經濟運行的問題突出表現在:宏觀經濟運行增速迅猛﹔投資規模猛增,積累率迅速上升﹔財政支出加大,出現較嚴重財政赤字﹔為了通過擴大進口滿足國內盲目投資需要,外貿出現較為嚴重的赤字。

  1978年12月召開的黨的十一屆三中全會,在提出將黨的工作重心轉移到社會主義現代化建設上來的同時,對1978年以來越來越明顯的經濟過熱問題也作出了重要決定。當時的調控主要措施有:解放思想,搞好綜合平衡﹔注意正確處理積累與消費的比例關系﹔注意防止急躁冒進的趨向﹔縮短基本建設戰線,停建、緩建一批項目,嚴格控制新項目上馬﹔加強物價管理,堅決制止亂漲價﹔擴大企業自主權,讓企業辦更多的事情。

5 個解答

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  • 10 年 前
    最佳解答

    Since the reform and opening up the experience of previous macro-control

    1. "Warming up": 1979 -1981 years of macro-control.

    Macroeconomic issues outstanding performance are: the rapid macroeconomic growth; investment surge, a rapid increase in rate of accumulation; fiscal spending increase, appears more severe deficit; to the blind through the expansion of imports to meet investment needs of domestic and foreign trade have emerged in a serious deficit.

    December 1978 meeting of the Eleventh Party Congress, in proposing to shift the focus of the party's work to socialist modernization the same time, since 1978 more and more obvious economic overheating also made an important decision. At that time the regulation of key measures include: emancipation of the mind, improving overall balance; attention to correctly handle the relationship between the ratio of accumulation and consumption; to guard against the tendency impetuosity; shorten the infrastructure front, halted or postponed a number of projects, to strictly control new projects Ma; strengthen price management, and resolutely put a stop price hikes; the expansion of enterprise autonomy, and let enterprises do more things.

  • 10 年 前

    Since the reform and opening up the experience of previous macro-control

    1. "Warming up": 1979 -1981 years of macro-control.

    Macroeconomic issues outstanding performance are: the rapid macroeconomic growth; investment surge, a rapid increase in rate of accumulation; fiscal expenditure increased, appeared more serious fiscal deficits; to the blind through the expansion of imports to meet investment needs of domestic and foreign trade have emerged in a serious deficit.

    December 1978 meeting of the Eleventh Party Congress, in proposing to shift the focus of the party's work to socialist modernization in the same time, since 1978, more and more obvious economic overheating also made an important decision. At that time the regulation of key measures include: emancipation of the mind, improving overall balance; attention to correctly handle the relationship between the ratio of accumulation and consumption; to guard against the tendency impetuosity; shorten the infrastructure front, halted or postponed a number of projects, to strictly control new projects Ma; strengthen price management, and resolutely put a stop price hikes; the expansion of enterprise autonomy, allow enterprises to do more things.

    希望可以幫到你拉`;)

    資料來源: google
  • 10 年 前

    Since the reform and opening up the experience of previous macro-control

    1. "Warming up": 1979 -1981 years of macro-control.

    Macroeconomic issues outstanding performance are: the rapid macroeconomic growth; investment surge, a rapid increase in rate of accumulation; fiscal expenditure increased, appeared more serious fiscal deficits; to the blind through the expansion of imports to meet investment needs of domestic and foreign trade have emerged in a serious deficit.

    December 1978 meeting of the Eleventh Party Congress, in proposing to shift the focus of the party's work to socialist modernization in the same time, since 1978, more and more obvious economic overheating also made an important decision. At that time the regulation of key measures include: emancipation of the mind, improving overall balance; attention to correctly handle the relationship between the ratio of accumulation and consumption; to guard against the tendency impetuosity; shorten the infrastructure front, halted or postponed a number of projects, to strictly control new projects Ma; strengthen price management, and resolutely put a stop price hikes; the expansion of enterprise autonomy, allow enterprises to do more things.

    資料來源: goggle翻譯!
  • 10 年 前

    Experience of all previous macro adjustments and controls since reform and opening-up1." warm up ": Macro adjustments and controls of the 1981 of 1979.

       The Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central committee of the CPC (1978) held in December of 1978, propose transfering the focus of work of the party to socialist modernization drive while coming up, have made the important decision to more and more obvious question of overheating of economy since 1978 too.

    The main measure of regulation and control at that time was as follows, emancipate the mind, do the overall balance well; Pay attention to dealing with the proportionate relationship accumulated and consuming correctly; Pay attention to preventing the irascible trend; Shorten the battle line of capital construction, suspend, postpone a batch of projects, control the new project and start strictly; Strengthen price control, prevent unauthorized price rise firmly; Increase the decision-power of enterprises, let enterprises run more things.

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  • 10 年 前

    Since the reform and opening up the experience of previous macro-control

    "Warming up": 1979 -1981 years of macro-control.

    Macroeconomic issues outstanding performance are: the rapid growth of macroeconomic performance; investment surge, a rapid increase in rate of accumulation; fiscal expenditure increased, appeared more serious fiscal deficits; to the blind through the expansion of imports to meet investment needs of domestic and foreign trade have emerged in a serious deficit.

    December 1978 meeting of the Eleventh Party Congress, in proposing to shift the focus of the party's work to socialist modernization in the same time, since 1978, more and more obvious economic overheating also made an important decision. At that time the regulation of key measures include: emancipation of the mind, improving overall balance; attention to correctly handle the relationship between the ratio of accumulation and consumption; to guard against the tendency impetuosity; shorten the infrastructure front, halted or postponed a number of projects, to strictly control new projects Ma; strengthen price management, and resolutely put a stop price hikes; the expansion of enterprise autonomy, allow enterprises to do more things.

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