What is Logistics?

我都要什麼是物流(Logistics)的中英文解釋, 謝!!

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  • 1 十年前
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    Logistics - (business definition) Logistics is defined as a business planning framework for the management of material, service, information and capital flows. It includes the increasingly complex information, communication and control systems required in today's business environment. -- (Logistix Partners Oy, Helsinki, FI, 1996)

    Logistics - (military definition) The science of planning and carrying out the movement and maintenance of forces.... those aspects of military operations that deal with the design and development, acquisition, storage, movement, distribution, maintenance, evacuation and disposition of material; movement, evacuation, and hospitalization of personnel; acquisition of construction, maintenance, operation and disposition of facilities; and acquisition of furnishing of services. -- (JCS Pub 1-02 excerpt)

    Logistics - ...the process of planning, implementing, and controlling the efficient, effective flow and storage of goods, services, and related information from point of origin to point of consumption for the purpose of conforming to customer requirements." Note that this definition includes inbound, outbound, internal, and external movements, and return of materials for environmental purposes. -- (Reference: Council of Logistics Management, http://www.clm1.org/mission.html, 12 Feb 98)

    現代物流作為一種先進的組織方式和管理技術,被廣泛認為是企業在降低物資消耗、提高勞動生產率以外重要的利潤源泉。

       物流是為滿足消費者需求而進行的對原材料、中間庫存、最終產品及相關信息從起始點到消費地的有效流動,以及為實現這一流動而進行的計劃、管理和控制過程。物流作為客戶生產過程中供應環節的一部分,它的實施及控制提供了有效的、經濟的貨物流動及存儲服務提供從貨物原始地道消費的相關信息,以期滿足客戶的需求。

       有計劃地將原材料、半成品及產成品由生產地送到消費地的所有流通活動。其內容包括為用戶服務、需求預測、情報信息聯系、材料搬運、訂單處理、選址、采購、包裝、運輸、裝卸、廢料處理、及倉庫管理等。

       物流是產品從賣方到買方的全部轉移過程。日本通商產業省運輸綜合研究所為了全面實現某一戰略、目標或任務,把運輸、供應倉儲、維護、采購、承包和自動化綜合成一個單一的功能,以確保每個環節的最優化。

       物流是一種物的實體流通活動的行為,在流通過程中,透過管理程序有效結合運輸、倉儲、裝卸、包裝、流通加工、資訊等相關物流機能性活動,以創造價值、滿足顧客及社會需求。簡單的說:物流是物品從生產地至消費者或使用地點的整個流通過程。

    SOURCE: http://www.yfhex.com/gbk/info/info_abwl.htm

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