Alex 發問於 社會及文化語言 · 1 十年 前

are being 同are been 有咩唔同 10 PT

are being + ing 同are been +ing 有咩唔同

2 個解答

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  • 1 十年 前
    最佳解答

    are being + ing 同are

    been +ing 有咩唔同???

    I guess you are asking active voice and passive voice.

    沒有are

    being + ing的式, 但有have been +ing (主動語態Present Perfect Continuous Tense)

    沒有are

    been +ing 的式, 是

    BE + 動詞的過去分詞 (動詞的被動語態的總形態)

    參考資料:

    Passive Voice

    英文動詞有主動語態Active Voice 和被動語態

    Passive Voice 之分。

    如果主語是動作或狀態的「發出者」,動詞就用主動語態;如果主語

    是動作或狀態的「承受者」,動詞就用被動語態。

    例如:

    1. John encouraged Mary.﹝約翰鼓勵瑪莉。﹞

    2. Mary was encouraged by John.﹝瑪莉受到約翰鼓勵。﹞

    ※ 第一句的動詞

    "encouraged" 是主動語態;第二句的動詞

    "was encouraged"是被動語態。

    動詞的被動語態的總形態是:

    BE + 動詞的過去分詞

    動詞由主動語態變為被動語態的步驟:

    1. 將賓語變主語;

    2. 根據新主語的身和數,並考慮時態,然後決定 "BE" 的形態;

    3. 將舊主語放在 "by" 之後構成介詞短語。

    1.Simple

    Present Tense

    主動語態: I teach him.

    被動語態: He is taught by me.

    2.Present Continuous Tense

    主動語態: I am teaching

    him.

    被動語態: He is being taught by me.

    3.Present Perfect Tense

    主動語態: I have taught

    him.

    被動語態: He has been taught by me.

    4.Present Perfect Continuous Tense

    主動語態: I have

    been teaching him for a week.

    被動語態:缺

    5.Simple Past Tense

    主動語態: I taught him

    yesterday.

    被動語態: He was taught by me

    yesterday.

    6.Past Continuous Tense

    主動語態: I was teaching him

    when you came.

    被動語態: He was being taught by me

    when you came.

    7.Past Perfect Tense

    主動語態: I had taught him

    before you came.

    被動語態: He had been taught by me

    before you came.

    8.Past Perfect Continuous Tense

    主動語態: I had been teaching him an

    hour before you came.

    被動語態:缺

    9.Simple Future Tense

    主動語態: I shall teach him

    tomorrow.

    被動語態: He will be taught by me

    tomorrow.

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  • 匿名
    1 十年 前

    正確的英文沒有are being + ing 或are been +ing 的句式。但有以下句式:

    I am curious.

    我常常都好奇。

    I am being curious.

    我這刻好奇。

    It has rained since 6am.

    早上六時開始下雨,直到現在才停。

    It has been raining since 6am.

    早上六時開始下雨,到現在還是繼續下雨。

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