? 發問於 政治及管治軍事 · 1 十年前

軍事-參謀長是甚麼人第二問

老作家説未吹完, 也可以在此吹(無問都可以吹架).

1) 參謀實際上分幾個類別? (即係可以做邊幾種唔同既工作, 如物資, 人員調動)

2) 參謀事實上係咪無實權去指揮任何人? 他甚至不能直接下命令給下面的士兵? 只可以建議個大將點做, 又或者被大將任命先可以下命令?

3) 如果大將戰死, 咁會唔會因為人手唔夠, 升個參謀上去做大將. 咁多個參謀, 通常做開乜單位又或者有乜表現先會被提升呢? 又係咪會係其他師度調過來, 以受原有部隊內部產生不和?

4) 做得參謀即係做職業軍人做左好耐, 不過, 人工咁低, 你覺得普遍是甚麼因素令佢地留低, 而無去搵其他撈得更多又更安全的工作?

5) 參謀會被派到外地嗎? 有最長期限嗎(即到了某個時期搵另一個人替佢)? 幾時可以返老家一次? 如果有家室, d屋企人可以一齊去外地, 定佢可以返老家返得密d,又或者兩樣都唔得.

6) 參謀/其他在指揮部的人有自護手槍及其他軍用物品(dog tag等)嗎?

7) 他們需要跟一般士兵一樣通過體能測試嗎? 咁兩者個標準係咪會唔同.

8) 其他以後想到的會補充.

2 個解答

評分
  • 1 十年前
    最愛解答

    Actually, i was gonna answer another question of yours... But when i get my stuff together and answer it, only for you to have choosen the best answer already.

    Actually, i don't know if this is a country thing ot specific things. In Things wasn't as 老作家 said, well, at least not in NATO....

    In NATO standard, Staff Officer (參謀) and Chief of Staff (參謀長) are two very different standard, let me try and answer your question in NATO point of view.

    1.) There are 7 grades of Staff Officer in US Army, and 9 Grade in NATO, they are.

    Administrative and Personnel

    Intelligence

    Operation

    Logistic

    Planning / Operation (Does not use in US military)

    Signal

    Communication (Does not use in US military)

    Finance

    Civil Affair

    These are the 9 class of Staff Officer (參謀), just look at the title and you will have a brief understanding of what they do. notice that US does not employ Staff Officer to do 5 and 7, cos 5 were overlapped with 3 and 7 is overlapped with 6.

    2) Staff Officer does not have command power, so in a way, they are desk jockey....

    In a war situation if a Staff Officer is NOT used to replace command structure in a battalion or company. Say you have a S-3 in a place, usually a captain, he cannot go ahead and replace the CO of a company, which also usually require a rank of captain to command. If there are no such rank's officer exist, even the staff were there, the CO will be replaced by an XO, maybe a 1LT

    At no time, a Staff Officer would have commanding power of anykind, except for saluting....

    3.) It could happens, if the staff officer get experience enough to do commanding job, they could be promoted to do a command posting. However, this is highly unlikely......

    2009-09-01 21:38:58 補充:

    4.) Staff Officer pay the same amount as any Officer in Any Battalion or Company, pay grade determine pay, and paygrade are determined by rank + years of service, there are nothing to do with the job title with it.

    2009-09-01 21:39:11 補充:

    Most of the Staff Officer are appointed, that mean you don't get to choose what you want or what you don't want......

    5.) Same rules with everybody else applies, tho you will get more perk if you are a staff officer then normal officer...

    2009-09-01 21:39:18 補充:

    6.) They are usually unarmed, but can be and will be armed on request, just like a chef or mechanic, well, you won't bring your rifle to work.....

    7.) They are still soldier so, they must have the same PT level then other soldiers...

    2009-09-01 21:40:17 補充:

    Ok, so what is a Staff and what is a Chief of Staff?

    Staff Officer is another duty for officer, in contrast of normal commanding (field) duty, they do planning and supporting duties (desk)

    2009-09-01 21:41:12 補充:

    When there are a HQ, there will be staff officer, doesn't matter if that is a Company HQ, Battalion HQ or Divisonal HQ, however, staff in different HQ must then have different rank to be apporiately perfor their job.

    2009-09-01 21:42:06 補充:

    A Staff officer in Company HQ must be of Captain or above, a Staff Officer in Battalion HQ must be of Major or above. And a Division staff must be a LTC or above to perfor their respective duties.

    2009-09-01 21:43:37 補充:

    Duty-wise, they do the same things. but in different size only, so they will be promoted as they were promoted according to rank. Also, staff job are considered perky job, so many staff get into their position would never leave...

    2009-09-01 21:44:47 補充:

    Chief Of Staff is a position that oversee ALL military staff. Including staff and commanding officers, as this is a unique position, you may either in commanding route or staff route to promote to such job.

    2009-09-01 21:47:02 補充:

    Basically Chief of Staff, is the highest position you can get in a branch of armed force, the one up is JCOS (Joint Chief of Staff, which include Army, Navy and Air Force )

    2009-09-01 21:51:11 補充:

    Chief of Staff ( 參謀長) is not direct the boss of staff officer (參謀) but directly the boss of armed force personnel in a given branch.And that is the different.....

    2009-09-01 21:51:39 補充:

    And just want to say this, time from 2LT - Captain generally take 7 years in peace time, as if you take more than 8 to get to Captain, the Army will ask you to leave......For non-performance....

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  • 1 十年前

    老作家兄剛好回應左小弟既問題,我都好想聽下佢對樓主呢條問題有咩意見,不過,我無聊走黎吹下水先。

    J_hungary兄其實答得好好,因為佢講晒美國陸軍部隊中各個不同部門既參謀係做乜。美軍傳統以來都分工較精細,部隊入面一啲一般性行政事務都有專門既參謀負責。值得注意既係,J_hungary兄講嗰幾個位都係要較大部隊先至有既參謀部先至有齊,據我所知要至少去到團級部隊先至有類似既職位。

    樓主打後問既問題都係好實務性既問題,牽涉到點樣處理實際情況,所以唔可以剩係從制度上黎講。參謀軍官有無權指揮士兵作戰﹖一個軍團參謀長本身就係一個少將,甚至係中將,樓主認為佢可唔可以指揮手下作戰﹖唔好話將軍,係兵荒馬亂既戰場上,只要情況有需要,邊個軍階高,邊個就要擔起指揮職。有啲資深軍醫可以官至少校或中校,佢地去救人時,如果當時附近無校官,而嗰班人又要抗敵,咁呢位軍醫點都要做番啲指揮工作。起碼佢官大,大家都會聽佢講。

    好多大將本身就係參謀出身,大家熟悉既曼斯坦元帥就係。朱可夫都做過下參謀。華西列夫斯基長年做蘇軍總參謀長,打關東軍時佢就正式掛帥。其實大將可以咩人都有,科涅夫元帥係伐德主帥之一,但好少人知佢本來係做政工出身。其實只要你帶打得贏仗,無人理你以前做過乜。

    參謀軍官同其他部隊既人都一樣係軍人,所以佢地面對既係普通軍人都會面對既困難。要當兵,體能當然唔少得,即使做參謀都要好身體,因為參謀工作可以極長時間,亦極嘥體力。唔理你係參謀又好,上陣殺敵既士兵又好,總之當兵係一個好專門既行業,係軍隊入面獲得既技能及經驗一般都無法用於其他行業,所以唔剩止係參謀轉業難,其實絕大部份軍人都難轉行。史瓦茨科夫將軍本來可以從少將軍階既美軍24師長退休,不過由於退左休無咩做,所以即使升上將職既中央司令部司令無人工加,工作又多幾倍佢都照做,話做上將係多年夙願。好彩佢有咁做,唔係佢都無機會指揮大軍打薩達姆。

    既然參謀都係軍人,佢當然有自衛武器,為左方便做野,通常都係帶手槍。當然唔帶武器都得,因為較大部隊既司令部都有警衛連,大部隊如軍、軍團、集團軍等甚至有警衛營或團,所以司令部入面既員工帶唔帶武器都無咩所謂。不過戰場始終危險,我唸都唔會有人傻到連槍都帶一支。

    參謀軍官其實即係行政人員,有野做就邊度都要去。如果一國軍隊係外地有行動或常駐部隊,咁自然有班參謀人員去做行政工作。樓主提到家人既問題,呢啲已經係講緊駐外人員係唔係連個家都搬埋去駐地,咁就對咩人都一樣,要睇國家點安排,同你係唔係參謀無咩關係。

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