ning 發問於 文學及人文學哲學 · 1 十年前

英文好既人.....幫幫我

可以用英文自己既own word寫返出黎~~

韦伯 max weber

毋庸置疑,韦伯生前并不是完全默默无闻。但人们对他的认识,

却远非今天这样具有一定程度的一致性。我们今天把韦伯当成社会学的三大“奠基人”之一(另外两位为迪尔凯姆〖EilDurkheim〗、齐美尔〖GorgSimmel,又译席美尔,或西梅尔〗),这一点现在已得到了公认。韦伯生前的命运远比大家想像得要“悲惨”。1919年,在韦伯认为自己是一位社会学家时,得到了慕尼黑大学的受聘通知。他非常希望自己被慕尼黑大学任命为“社会学”教授,但恰恰是这一愿望没有得到满足。与他希望的正好相反,慕尼黑大学甚至在任命书中做出明确规定,韦伯在大学不得讲授社会学的课程。心中甚感不快的韦伯,也没有办法,只能接受事实(讲课的名称其实并不重要,他在课上讲的内容还是与社会学密切相关的)。

  在二战结束前,美国一位社会学家曾做过一项调查,在提问对美国社会学产生深远影响的前三位社会学家时,没有人提到韦伯。(调查结果是:斯宾塞、齐美尔和迪尔凯姆。)

  韦伯逝世前一年(1919年),他应慕尼黑大学学生会的邀请发表

了两次演讲,后在此基础上出版了《作为职业的学术》和《作为职业的政治》两本小册子。加上1905年发表的《新教伦理与资本主义精神》,差不多是韦伯生前还为人们略有所知的仅有文献。韦伯生前所能有的声誉,与其说是来自学术界,不如说是来自外界。要是韦伯生活在现在,他就有点像那样经常在媒体前(电视、广播)发表对时事看法的学者。韦伯深深地参与了当时德国的社会政治,常常就一些社会问题发表看法。他在生前的知名度多半与此类活动相关。另外一点,就是所谓的“海德堡的神秘传奇”的光环效应对韦伯的影响。韦伯的海德堡时期,也是海德堡在学术史上最辉煌的时期之一。参加和主持各种学术沙龙,在当时海德堡的知识分子中非常流行。

1 個解答

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  • 1 十年前
    最愛解答

    Without a doubt, the Weber is not before death remains obscure completely. But the people to his understanding, actually far from today like this have the certain extent uniformity. We regard in a big way today the Weber the sociology three “the founder” one (other two for Dille Kime [EilDurkheim], Qi Meier [GorgSimmel, also translates mat US, or Simerl]), this point obtained the recognition now. Weber before death destiny imagines far compared to everybody wants “pitifully”. In 1919, in the Weber thought when one is a sociologist, obtained Munich University to be hired the notice. He hoped that he is appointed by Munich University as “the sociology” professor, but is exactly this desire has not obtained satisfies. Hopes just right with him opposite, Munich University even makes in the assignment document stipulated explicitly, the Weber do not teach the sociology in the university the curriculum. In the heart feels not the quick Weber really, also does not have the means that can only accept the fact (teaching name not to be actually unimportant, he content which says in class with sociology close related).

    2008-09-25 07:45:33 補充:

    Before the World War II ended, a US sociologist once had made an investigation, when the inquiry produced the profound influence first three sociologists to the American sociology, nobody mentioned the Weber. (The survey result is: Spenser, Qi Meier and Dille Kime.)

    2008-09-25 07:46:02 補充:

     The Weber passed away the preceding year (in 1919), he has made two lectures on the Munich University Student association's invitation, latter has based on this published "Academic and "Takes Occupation as Occupation" Politics" two booklets.

    2008-09-25 07:46:15 補充:

    In addition in 1905 expressed "Protestantism Ethics and Capitalism Spirit", almost was the Weber also slightly has knowledge for the people only to have the literature before death.

    2008-09-25 07:46:27 補充:

    The Weber can have before death the prestige, comes from the academic circle, and rather comes from the outside. If the Weber life in the present, he a little looks like such before the media (television, broadcast) to publish frequently to the current event view scholar.

    2008-09-25 07:46:43 補充:

    The Weber participated at that time Germany's social politics deeply, expresses the view frequently on some social question.

    2008-09-25 07:46:56 補充:

    He mostly and this kind of activity is related in before death popularity. Other spot is so-called “Haidebao's mystical legend” halo effect to Weber influence. Weber Haidebao time is also Haidebao in the history of learning one of most magnificent times.

    2008-09-25 07:47:01 補充:

    Participates in and manages each kind of academic Sharon, was at that time popular in Haidebao's intellectual.

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