mandy 發問於 電腦及互聯網軟體 · 1 十年前

what is spyware?

what is spyware?(chinese and english please)

1 個解答

評分
  • 1 十年前
    最愛解答

    間諜軟件(Spyware)是在未經用戶許可的情況下搜集用戶個人信息的計算機程序。這個詞在1994年創建,但是到2000年才開始廣泛使用,並且和廣告軟件以及惡意軟件經常互換使用。間諜軟件本身就是一種惡意軟件,用來侵入用戶計算機,在用戶沒有許可的情況下有意或者無意對用戶的計算機系統和私隱權進行破壞。

    根據微軟的定義:

    「間諜軟件是一些專門在用戶不知情或未經用戶准許的情況下收集用戶的個人資料。它所收集的資料範圍可以很廣闊,從該用戶平日瀏覽的網站,到諸如用戶名稱、密碼等個人資料。」

    間諜軟件採用一系列技術來紀錄用戶的個人信息,例如鍵盤錄製、錄製用戶訪問Internet的行為,以及掃描用戶計算機上的文件。間諜軟件的用途也多種多樣,從盜竊用戶的網上賬戶(主要是銀行信用卡帳戶)和密碼到統計用戶的網絡行為意作為廣告用途。一些間諜軟件統計用戶訪問的網站並且不斷在用戶計算機上彈出廣告窗口,但是更多間諜軟件搜集用戶的密碼信息以侵佔用戶的財產。

    Spyware is computer software that is installed surreptitiously on a personal computer to intercept or take partial control over the user's interaction with the computer, without the user's informed consent.

    While the term spyware suggests software that secretly monitors the user's behavior, the functions of spyware extend well beyond simple monitoring. Spyware programs can collect various types of personal information, such as Internet surfing habit, sites that have been visited, but can also interfere with user control of the computer in other ways, such as installing additional software, redirecting Web browser activity, accessing websites blindly that will cause more harmful viruses, or diverting advertising revenue to a third party. Spyware can even change computer settings, resulting in slow connection speeds, different home pages, and loss of Internet or other programs. In an attempt to increase the understanding of spyware, a more formal classification of its included software types is captured under the term privacy-invasive software.

    詳細資料請上

    http://zh.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=%E9%96%9...

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spyware

還有問題嗎?立即提問即可得到解答。