匿名
匿名 發問於 社會及文化語言 · 1 十年前

請問有關文法問題

They have been badly hurt in the last year by the sharp decline in home prices

and the rise in mortgage delinquencies and foreclosures.

請問以上為何不是 Had been ?

the company said it is no longer certain that it will have enough capital to

carry it through the losses it sees into 2009.

請問為什麼loss用losses ,因為不只一個年度loss?

更新:

吾該晒 hkwaddle

更新 2:

請問 如果樓價今年都繼續跌,是否要打 They have been badly hurt since the last year by the

sharp decline in home prices and the rise in mortgage delinquencies and foreclosures

吾用since 就吾得 ?

1 個解答

評分
  • keith
    Lv 7
    1 十年前
    最愛解答

    1.先理解左第一句o既 tense 先。have been 係 present perfect tense,可以用於一件發生左o既事,而後果影響至今。

    第一句意思係,舊年房地產跌價、按揭等問題,令佢地大受影響。呢個影響,可以係欠下一身債,而自去年至今佢地都受呢d債所累,所以用 present perfect 係應該o既。

    你諗用 had been,會唔會因為見到 last year?

    had been 係 past perfect tense,用於兩件舊事一齊道出時,比較出時間關係:舊do既一件用 past perfect,近do既一件用 simple past。如:

    They had been badly hurt by the declined home prices, but the economic upturn came just when they needed it.

    2.何解一年一個 loss?

    如果每年埋單計數,咁就係一個總虧損,一個 loss。

    但如果每年有多個虧損o既項目,咁就可以用 losses。呢句意思就係咁。

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