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- IQ小博士Lv 51 十年前最愛解答
Adolf Hitler From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search "Hitler" redirects here. For other uses, see Hitler (disambiguation).
Leader of Germany
Führer Preceded by Succeeded by Chancellor of Germany
Reichskanzler Preceded by Succeeded by Born Died Nationality Political party Spouse Occupation Religion Adolf Hitler
August 2, 1934 – April 30, 1945 Paul von Hindenburg
(as President) Karl Dönitz
(as President) In office
January 30, 1933 – April 30, 1945 Kurt von Schleicher Joseph Goebbels April 20, 1889(1889-04-20)
Braunau am Inn, Austria-Hungary April 30, 1945 (aged 56)
Berlin, Germany Austrian until 1925; after 1932 German National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP) Eva Braun
(married on April 29, 1945) Agitator, Activist, Writer, Politican, Dictator, Artist see section(s) below Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889 – April 30, 1945) was a German politician, who became the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party and was appointed as the Chancellor of Germany in 1933. After the death of President Paul von Hindenburg in 1934, Hitler declared himself Führer, combining the offices of President and Chancellor into one using the power vested in him by the Enabling Act, and he remained a totalitarian ruler until his suicide in 1945.
The Nazi Party gained power during Germany's period of crisis after World War I, exploiting effective propaganda and Hitler's charismatic oratory to gain popularity. The Party emphasised nationalism and antisemitism as its primary political expressions, eventually resorting to murdering its opponents to ensure success.
After the restructuring of the state economy and the rearmament of the German armed forces (Wehrmacht), a dictatorship (commonly characterized as either totalitarian or fascist) was established by Hitler, who then pursued an aggressive foreign policy, with the goal of seizing Lebensraum. This resulted in the German Invasion of Poland in 1939, drawing the British and French Empires into World War II.
The Wehrmacht enjoyed great success in the early stages of the war and the Axis Powers managed to occupy most of Mainland Europe and parts of Asia. Eventually the combined efforts of the Allies defeated the Wehrmacht. By 1945, both Hitler's policy and the Nazi Party lay in ruins; his bid for territorial conquest and racial subjugation had caused the deaths of tens of millions of people, including the deliberate genocide of an estimated six million Jews in what is now known as the Holocaust.
During the final days of the war in 1945, as the German capital of Berlin was being invaded and destroyed by the Red Army of the Soviet Union, Hitler married Eva Braun and less than 24 hours later, the two committed suicide in the Führerbunker.
- AlbertLv 71 十年前
From Unknown to Dictator of Germany
Adolf Hitler is Born - April 20, 1889
Hitler's Boyhood - 1895-1903
Hitler's Father Dies - January 3, 1903
Hitler Fails Art Exam - October 1907
Hitler's Mother Dies - December 21, 1907
Hitler is Homeless in Vienna - 1909-1913
Hitler in World War One - 1914-1918
War Ends with German Defeat - November 11, 1918
Hitler Joins German Workers' Party - 1919
Nazi Party is Formed - 1920
Hitler Named Leader of Nazi Party - July 1921
The Beer Hall Putsch - November 9, 1923
Hitler on Trial for Treason - February 26, 1924
Hitler's Book "Mein Kampf"
A New Beginning - February 26, 1925
The Quiet Years - 1926-1929
Great Depression Begins - October 29, 1929
Germans Elect Nazis - September 14, 1930
Success and a Suicide - 1931
Hitler Runs for President - 1932
The Republic Collapses
Hitler Named Chancellor of Germany - January 30, 1933
The Reichstag Burns - February 27, 1933
Hitler Becomes Dictator of Germany - March 23, 1933
Read Part II of our Hitler History
The Triumph of Hitler - The pre-war years of Nazi Germany, 1933-1939.
Visit our World War Two in Europe Timeline
Visit our Holocaust Timeline
History of the Hitler Youth