- Kin ShingLv 61 十年前最愛解答
葛蘭素史克股份有限公司(GlaxoSmithKline) (LSE：GSK NYSE：GSK) 是總部位置英國倫敦的全球第二的製藥,生物以及衛生保健公司。葛蘭素史克股份有限公司是一家覆蓋抗感染,中樞神經系統(CNS),呼吸科,腸胃/代謝,腫瘤和疫苗領域的以研發為基礎的公司。它同時還包含了處於領先地位的口腔衛生保健,營養飲料和一些非處方藥(OTC)。
Seretide / Advair (combination of the bronchodilator salmeterol and the steroid fluticasone, £3,003m)Avandia (rosiglitazone, a PPAR-gamma agonist, £1,154m)Lamictal (lamotrigine, an anticonvulsant used to treat various types of epilepsy, £849m)Zofran (ondansetron hydrochloride, used to prevent nausea and vomiting associated with chemotherapy and radiotherapy for cancer, £837m)Wellbutrin (bupropion, an anti-depressant, £739 m)資料來源： 維基
- 1 十年前
Ribena official website
Ribena was originally manufactured by the Bristol-based food and drink company HW Carter as a blackcurrant cordial. Development research into pure fruit syrups for the manufacture of milkshakes had been done at the Long Ashton Agriculture and Horticulture Research Station in north Somerset using a pectinase enzyme process; essentially Ribena was invented there. The blackcurrant variety was found to contain high levels of Vitamin C. The drink was launched in 1936 and it was given the name Ribena, from the botanical name for the blackcurrant, Ribes nigrum in 1938. Blackcurrants are a rich source of Vitamin C. During the Second World War other fruits rich in vitamin C, like oranges (from Florida), became almost impossible to obtain in the United Kingdom, due to the U boat campaign. Blackcurrant cultivation was encouraged by the Government and the yield of the nation's crop increased significantly. From 1942 almost the entire British blackcurrant crop was made into blackcurrant syrup (or cordial), almost all of it manufactured by Carters, and distributed to the nation's children for free without the Ribena brand name, giving rise to the lasting popularity of blackcurrant flavourings in Britain. Production moved to the new Royal Forest Factory at Coleford in the autumn of 1947 in the Forest of Dean, where production takes place today. Carters were bought out by the Beecham company (later to become GlaxoSmithKline) in 1955. There have been various incarnations of carbonated Sparkling Ribena, sold in cans - throughout the 1980s and early 1990s there was a can-based version simply named 'Ribena', in about 1993 'Ribena Spring' was launched, a gently carbonated version in ready to drink bottle form, which was discontinued and replaced with 'Ribena Sparx', another can-based carbonated edition, in the late 1990s, a product which is still being produced today. The mid-1990s vampire TV show Forever Knight used undiluted Ribena as prop blood, as it seemed to be of similar consistency.
Ribena is now sold as a cordial and also pre-diluted and marketed in a large variety of flavours including Strawberry, Blackcurrant & Cranberry, Orange and Apple. It has recently launched a blueberry flavour. The original Blackcurrant flavour comes in Original and Really Light (low calorie) varieties.
Ribena can be mixed with the alcoholic, anise flavoured drink, Pernod. Water & ice are then added to produce the cocktail named the 'King of Denmark'. It is also a key ingredient in the "snakebite and black" version of the lager/cider mixture called snakebite (although this is usually made with much cheaper blackcurrant cordials).
It is claimed in advertisements for Ribena (as well as on their cartons and bottles, and on their web-site) that 95% of all UK and Irish farmed blackcurrants are used in their drinks. This has now been changed to "nearly all of British blackcurrants are used in Ribena". Some of the juice for Ribena is pressed by Somerset-based cider brewer Thatcher's.
In May 2006, Ribena Blueberry was introduced to the UK market.
January 2007 saw a design change of the standard Ribena cartons.
In June 2007, a new raspberry flavoured Ribena was released.