When did mooncake become a traditional food for Mid-Autumn Festival? Why did people make mooncake at that time?
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- 1 十年前最愛解答
The Mid-Autumn Festival falls on the 15th of the eighth month in the Lunar calendar, around the time of autumn equinox. According to Chinese legend, the moon is the roundest and brightest on this date. The Mid-Autumn Festival is traditional for both the Han and minority nationalities in China. Worshipping the moon can be traced back to the Xia and Shang Dynasties from 2000B.C. to 1066B.C. Nowadays, people in Hong Kong usually stay with their families or friends to enjoy the beauty of the full moon. Parks, beaches and play areas are packed with young and old enjoying themselves.
The goddess Chang'e is a famous Mid-Autumn Festival legend. Chang'e was a normal young woman. She fell in love with Hou Yi, who came from Heaven. After they got married, Hou Yi made an elixir so they could live together forever. But a wicked man named Feng Meng wanted the elixir for himself and killed Hou Yi. Feng Meng then forced Chang'e to give him the elixir. Chang'e refused and drank all the elixir. She was lifted to heaven and lived on the moon thereafter. When people admire the beauty of the moon during the Mid-Autumn Festival, they think of a beautiful goddess there.
On Mid-Autumn Festival, people eat various kinds of food, including mooncakes, starfruit and pears. The mooncake is linked to another legend. During the Yuan Dynasty, China was ruled by Mongolians. People from the preceding Sung Dynasty hated the new ruler so they secretly planned to rebel. Knowing that the Moon Festival was coming, they made special cakes and inserted messages inside with the plan to revolt. On the night of the festival, they successfully overthrew the Mongolian government. Today, mooncakes are eaten to commemorate this legend.
- 嘉慧Lv 71 十年前
The Mid-Autumn Festival (Traditional Chinese: 中秋節; Simplified Chinese: 中秋节; pinyin: Zhōngqiūjié; Taiwanese: Tiong Chhiu; Cantonese: dzong1 tsau1; Korean: Ch'usǒk; Japanese: Tsukimi 月見/つきみ; Vietnamese Tết Trung Thu. In Malaysia and Singapore, it is also sometimes referred to as the Lantern Festival, similar in name to a different festival which falls on the fifteenth day of the Lunar New Year). The Mid-Autumn Festival is a popular Asian celebration of abundance and togetherness, dating back over 3,000 years to China's Zhou Dynasty.
The Mid-Autumn Festival falls on the 15th day of the 8th lunar month of the Chinese calendar (usually around mid- or late-September in the Gregorian Calendar), a date that parallels the Autumn Equinox of the solar calendar. At this time, the moon is at its fullest and brightest, marking an ideal time to celebrate the abundance of the summer's harvest. The traditional food of this festival is the mooncake, of which there are many different varieties.
The Mid-Autumn Festival is one of the two most important holidays in the Chinese calendar (the other being the Chinese Lunar New Year), and is a legal holiday in several countries. Farmers celebrate the end of the summer harvesting season on this date. Traditionally, on this day, Chinese family members and friends will gather to admire the bright mid-autumn harvest moon, and eat moon cakes and pomeloes together. It is also common to have barbecues outside under the moon, and to put pomelo rinds on one's head. Brightly lit lanterns are often carried around by children. Together with the celebration, there appear some special customs in different parts of the country, such as burning incense, planting Mid-Autumn trees, lighting lanterns on towers, and fire dragon dances. Shops selling mooncakes, before the festival, often display pictures of Chang'e, floating to the moon.