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發問於 社會及文化語言 · 1 十年前

grammar 問題+不明句子意思

1.in time , he found himself graying and wearing looser pants and in a state of weary acceptance , that this was who he was and who he would always be, a man with sand in his shoes in a world of mechanical laughter and grilled frankfurters .

that this was who he was ??

---點解又that 又this??

a man with sand in his shoes in a world of mechanical laughter and grilled frankfurters . ----黎句中文係咩?????

更新:

2. like his father before him,like the patch on his shirt , eddie was mainteance.

-like his father before him即係點解???

3.joe was the oldest , the firstborn , but it was eddie who did the fighting .

-我想問 it was eddie 即係點解?? -如果寫it was eddie doing the fighting 有冇問題???

更新 2:

4 after that , joe didn't talk to him for months .

-如果想將didn't talk 轉做 perfect tense ,

咁應該係haven't talked 定 hadn't talked ??

-後面有for months , 點解用didn't taik 而唔係perfect tense?

5.eddie was a block away , on a stoop.

唔好意思...a block away 點解???

thx~~~

更新 3:

to hahatse:

唔好意思,

2. like his father before him,like the patch on his shirt , eddie was mainteance.

點解like his father before 後面要加 him??

直接寫like his father before 可以嗎???

更新 4:

仲有第4題...

4 after that , joe didn’t talk to him for months .

雖然通常有for 一段時間,會用perfect tense,但若重點不在完成時,用過去式即可。所以就可以用:joe did not talk to him for months.

我想問咩叫"重點不在完成時"???

1 個解答

評分
  • HaHa
    Lv 7
    1 十年前
    最愛解答

    1.in time , he found himself graying and wearing looser pants and in a state of weary acceptance , that this was who he was and who he would always be, a man with sand in his shoes in a world of mechanical laughter and grilled frankfurters .

    that this was who he was ??

    ---點解又that 又this??

    首先要指出,that在這裏是用作關係代名詞,來代表a state of weary acceptance,而this是用作代名詞用來帶出who he was and who he would always be(評述子句comment clause)(他是這樣和他總是這樣)

    a man with sand in his shoes in a world of mechanical laughter and grilled frankfurters . ----黎句中文係咩?????

    這句的中文是:在一個充滿無感情的笑聲和烤著的法蘭克腸的世界裏,穿著有沙的鞋。

    2. like his father before him,like the patch on his shirt , eddie was mainteance.

    -like his father before him即係點解???

    (好像他父親從前一樣)

    3.joe was the oldest , the firstborn , but it was eddie who did the fighting .

    -我想問 it was eddie 即係點解?? -如果寫it was eddie doing the fighting 有冇問題???

    補充時間:2007-09-06 09:53:36

    it was eddie(和這是eddie意思差不多,但在中文翻譯裏,連這個it也不會翻出來,只會說:是eddie 去為生計拼博〔或譯:”是eddie去賺錢”就夠了〕)

    許多時,分詞子句(participle clause)也代替關係子句(relative clause),作為一種省略。所以it was Eddie doing the fighting應該沒有問題

    4 after that , joe didn’t talk to him for months .

    -如果想將didn’t talk 轉做 perfect tense ,

    咁應該係haven’t talked 定 hadn’t talked ?

    -後面有for months , 點解用didn’t taik 而唔係perfect tense?

    雖然通常有for 一段時間,會用perfect tense,但若重點不在完成時,用過去式即可。所以就可以用:joe did not talk to him for months.

    若這句用完成式,則要用過去完成式(past perfect tense),因為:相信這篇文章是小說,那麼基準時間就是故事所發生的過去,若基準時間不是現在(寫故事的時間)而是過去,那麼就要用過去完成式(因現在完成式是以現在為基準)

    after that Joe had not talked to him for months.

    5.eddie was a block away , on a stoop.

    唔好意思...a block away 點解???

    a block away就是”一個街口遠”的意思

    2007-09-12 09:17:57 補充:

    說甚麼是”重點不放在完成”這話,可能有點難以解釋,如:句子已有after, before等已清楚交代先後的連接詞時,句子就無須交代動作前後,如:He arrived after I started= He arrived after I had started.

    2007-09-12 09:22:43 補充:

    但這樣講越講越難了解,不如我轉個說法,根據【牛津實用英語語法】,簡單過去式有這樣用法:簡單過去時用來表示一個並未指明時間的過去行動,但是,a)該行動佔了過去某一段時間;或b)該行動發生在過去的某段時間的某一時刻。

    2007-09-12 09:25:29 補充:

    a)的情況有 He worked in that bank for four years.(but he does not work there now) She lived in Rome for a long time.(but she is not living there now)b)的情況有 My grandmother once saw Queen Victoria Did you ever hear Maria Callas sing?這種用法也是簡單過去式的一種用法,你的問句就是用了這種用法。希望你明白!

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