? 發問於 社會及文化語言 · 1 十年前

被動句..幾時用by..幾時用with

被動句..幾時用by..幾時用with

sby was beset by doubts

sbt was beset with difficulties

thank u

1 個解答

評分
  • ?
    Lv 5
    1 十年前
    最愛解答

    其實唔可以話幾時用by,幾時用with, 睇睇先:

    講beset先:

    beset如果係解困擾, 就可以用by/with

    beset by doubts 係o岩, 你話beset by difficulties都得架

    如果解 鑲/嵌, 就要用with

    a gold bracelet beset with diamonds.

    不過我想講, 大部份verb既passive voice, 你用by都係o岩既,用其他既preposition,其實係另一種叫participial adjective既用法, 即係將個verb + preposition變成一個adjective.

    睇睇:

    active voice: the footprint interests the detective.

    passive voice: the detective is interested by the footprint.

    participial adjective: the detective is interested in the footprint

    係好似冇乜分別咁...不過如果唔想用錯preposition就要多用多練習

    有個table可以參考下:

    of

    in

    about

    at

    to

    by

    with

    ashamed

    disappointed*

    concerned

    surprised

    accustomed

    confused*

    amused

    composed

    dressed

    confused*

    alarmed

    addicted

    embarrassed*

    acquainted

    convinced

    engaged

    excited

    shocked

    committed

    encouraged

    annoyed

    frightened*

    interested

    undecided

    connected

    entertained

    associated

    made*

    involved

    worried

    dedicated

    exhausted

    blessed

    scared

    located

    devoted

    frightened*

    bored

    terrified

    engaged

    impressed*

    coordinated

    tired

    limited

    overwhelmed

    covered

    married

    relaxed

    crowded

    for

    from

    against

    opposed

    terrified

    disappointed*

    known

    divorced

    discriminated

    related

    endowed

    prepared

    made*

    filled

    qualified

    protected

    finished

    remembered

    frustrated

    furnished

    impressed*

    pleased

    satisfied

    All of the verbs above use 'by' in the passive voice form. These groups, or verb + preposition phrases, may vary due to dialectal variations.

    *More than one preposition may be used with this verb.

    可以上這裡睇多d:

    http://www.smccd.net/accounts/sevas/esl/reviewless...

    資料來源: myself, I live in US
還有問題嗎?立即提問即可得到解答。