chun chi 發問於 社會及文化語言 · 1 十年 前

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藥物治療

冠心病的病人都需要長期服藥,包括各類的心臟藥物,以幫助血管擴張,促進心臟功能及防止血栓形成閉塞冠狀動脈。此外, 因病況而定,病人可能需要服食其他藥物以抑制血壓、血糖或血脂肪等。

心肌梗塞的病人若能在病發六小時內入院治療,加上在病況許可下,醫生會給病人靜脈注射血栓溶劑溶解阻塞冠狀動脈的血栓, 以減低心肌損壞的程度。

.手術治療

如藥物治療未能給與最佳療效,而病人亦適合接受手術,醫生便會建議病人接受手術治療。

a.血管成形術

醫生會將一條導管透過股動脈放進冠狀動脈狹小窄的部位。這導管末端設有一個氣囊。當醫生確定導管的位置後,便會將氣囊打脹, 藉著壓力把血管內膜的脂性物質壓裂,擴闊血管的通道。醫生會重複這步驟數次,直至滿意療效。

b.冠狀動脈搭橋手術

這項手術的原理是利用一條血管對阻塞或狹窄的冠狀動脈進行搭橋。血管的一端接於主動脈,另一端則接於冠狀動脈阻塞的遠側, 造成一條橋樑,將血液由主動脈帶到受阻塞以外的心肌,減低它們缺血受損的程度。

這條血管橋樑通常是取自病人下肢大隱靜脈,間中亦會取自內乳動脈。

4 個解答

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  • 匿名
    1 十年 前
    最佳解答

    The patients of the medication coronary heart diseases all need to take medicine for a long time, including the heart medicines of all kinds of, in order to help the blood vessel to expand , promote the heart function and prevent the thrombus from forming and stopping up the coronary artery. In addition, fix because of state of illness condition, the patient may need to take other medicines in order to suppress blood pressure , blood sugar or blood fat ,etc. . If the patient of the heart attack can be sent in six hours and hospitalized for treatment at the disease, in addition, under the circumstances that the state of illness condition is permitted, the doctor will give patient intravenous injection thrombus solvent to dissolve the thrombus which blocks the coronary artery, in order to lower the degree that the cardiac muscle is damaged. . Operation treatment if medication fails to administrate the best curative effect, and the patient is also suitable for undergoing an operation, the doctor will advise the patient to undergo an operation therapeutically. a The blood vessel takes shape the skill doctor will put a pipe into the position with narrow and small and narrow coronary artery through the arteria femoralis. This pipe of ends have a gasbag. Will make the gasbag bloated , will press and split the fat material of the membrane in the blood vessel making use of the pressure after the doctor confirms the position of the pipe , widen the passway of the blood vessel. The doctor will repeat this step for several times , until satisfied with curative effecting. b The principle of the coronary bypass surgery , this operation , is to utilize a blood vessel to put up a bridge to the coronary artery that block or narrow. One of blood vessel's end is connected in the aorta, another end is connected in coronary artery loaded inclining far, cause a bridge , is taken the blood to the cardiac muscle beyond blocking by the aorta, lower them and lack the degree with damaged blood. It is usually in the blood vessel bridges taken from patient low limbs vein not latent not heavy of,among in can have taken from by milk arteried not interior also.

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  • 1 十年 前

    Pharmacological treatment coronary disease's patients to need to take medicine for a long time, including each kind of heart medicine, helps the vasodilatation, promotes the heart function and prevents the thrombus to form the unenlightened coronary artery. In addition, decides because of the patient's condition, the patient needs to take other medicines possibly to suppress the blood pressure, the blood sugar or the blood fat and so on.

    If myocardial infarction's patient can, in sickness sends in six hours to be hospitalized the treatment, in addition under the patient's condition permission, doctor will give the patient the intravenous injection thrombus resolver dissolution blocking coronary artery's thrombus, will decrease the cardiac muscle damage the degree. The surgery treats like the pharmacological treatment not to be able to give the best curative effect, but the patient also suitable to perform the surgery, doctor will then suggest that the patient will perform the surgery to treat.

    Dr. a. blood vessel forming technique will admit a drive pipe by the femoral artery the coronary artery narrow and small narrow spot. This drive pipe terminal is equipped with an aerocyst. When doctor determined after drive pipe's position, will then hit the aerocyst the bulge, the affiliation pressure the tunica intima fat material compression fracture, will widen blood vessel's channel. Doctor will be redundant this step several times, until satisfactory effect.

    b. the coronary artery bridging surgery this surgery's principle is uses a blood vessel to block or the narrow coronary artery carries on the bridging. A blood vessel's termination in the aorta, another end meets in the coronary artery blocking distalis, creates a bridge, to receives outside the blood from the aorta belt blocks the cardiac muscle, decreases them to lack the degree which the blood suffers injury.

    This blood vessel bridge usually is from the patient lower limb vena saphena magna, will also be from the young artery.

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  • 1 十年 前

    藥物治療

    冠心病的病人都需要長期服藥,包括各類的心臟藥物,以幫助血管擴張,促進心臟功能及防止血栓形成閉塞冠狀動脈。此外, 因病況而定,病人可能需要服食其他藥物以抑制血壓、血糖或血脂肪等。

    心肌梗塞的病人若能在病發六小時內入院治療,加上在病況許可下,醫生會給病人靜脈注射血栓溶劑溶解阻塞冠狀動脈的血栓, 以減低心肌損壞的程度。

    .手術治療

    如藥物治療未能給與最佳療效,而病人亦適合接受手術,醫生便會建議病人接受手術治療。

    a.血管成形術

    醫生會將一條導管透過股動脈放進冠狀動脈狹小窄的部位。這導管末端設有一個氣囊。當醫生確定導管的位置後,便會將氣囊打脹, 藉著壓力把血管內膜的脂性物質壓裂,擴闊血管的通道。醫生會重複這步驟數次,直至滿意療效。

    b.冠狀動脈搭橋手術

    這項手術的原理是利用一條血管對阻塞或狹窄的冠狀動脈進行搭橋。血管的一端接於主動脈,另一端則接於冠狀動脈阻塞的遠側, 造成一條橋樑,將血液由主動脈帶到受阻塞以外的心肌,減低它們缺血受損的程度。

    這條血管橋樑通常是取自病人下肢大隱靜脈,間中亦會取自內乳動脈。

    Medicine treatment

    The coronary disease patients all need to take medicine for along time, including each kind of heart medicine, helps thevasodilatation, promotes the heart function and prevented the thrombusforms the unenlightened coronary artery. In addition, decides becauseof the spatient's condition, the patient possibly needs to takenourishment other medicines to suppress the blood pressure, the bloodsugar or the blood fat and so on. The myocardial infarction patient if can sends in for six hours insickness to be hospitalized to treat, in addition under the spatient'scondition permission, doctor can give the patient the intravenousinjection thrombus solvent dissolution to block the coronary arterythe thrombus, decreases the cardic muscle damage the degree.

    Surgery treatment

    If the medicine treatment has not been able to give the bestcurative effect, but the patient also suitablly performs the surgery,doctor then can suggest the patient performs the surgery to treat.

    A. blood vessel forming technique

    Doctor can 股動脈 admit a drive pipe penetration thecoronary artery narrow and small narrow spot. This drive pipe terminalis equipped with an aerocyst. After doctor determined the drive pipethe position, then can hit the aerocyst 脹, the affiliation pressurethe blood vessel internal membrane fat matter compression fracture, iswidening the blood vessel the channel. Doctor could duplicate thisstep several times, until satisfactory curative effect.

    b.The coronary artery builds a bridge the surgery

    This item of surgery principle is uses a blood vessel to blockor the narrow coronary artery carries on builds a bridge. A bloodvessel termination to the aorta, another end meets to the coronaryartery blocks 遠側, creates a bridge outside, to receives the bloodfrom the aorta belt blocks the cardic muscle, decreases them to lackthe degree which the blood suffers injury. This blood vessel bridge usually is takes from the patient lower limbgreatly hides the vein, center also can take from in young artery.

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  • 1 十年 前

    use other thing to help you.for example,you can use dictionary to know the word's meaning

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