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你好嗎 發問於 文學及人文學歷史 · 1 十年前



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  • 1 十年前



    股票制度,起源於1600年的荷蘭東印度公司(The first company that issued shares was the Dutch East India Company in the early 17th century (1602). 最初是由荷蘭東印度公司在荷蘭阿姆斯特丹的銀行發行的第一支股票,而非英國東印度公司(British East India Co.))。當時,它是經營航海事業,每次出海前,向人集資,航次終了,即將各人的出資以及該航次的利潤交還給出資者。1613年起,該公司改為四航次,才派一次利潤,這就是「股東」和「派息」的前身。

    The Oldest Share in the World


    The opening of the sea route to India - once the name given to India, Malaya and all of south-east Asia - by the mariner Dom Vasco da Gama 1499 established the colonial power of Portugal in the Indian Ocean. In the course of the following 100 years around 200 voyages were made around the Cape of Good Hope to the east. The chief motivation was initially the spice trade, but around 1600 other trading commodities were discovered in the Orient and these took a more prominent place than the spice trade. Only around half of all the ships that were sent out mainly by the Portuguese and the Dutch ever came back. Atlantic expeditions were hampered by the Ottoman Turks, who blocked access to the eastern Mediterranean area for Western Europeans. They were also the cause of subsequent alliances and East India Companies. In 1580 the two great sea-faring nations Spain and Portugal united. The pre-eminence of the Iberian powers ensured that the sea route to Asia remained closed to other European nations. Trade in Asian spices, and above all pepper, was subject to contracts set up by the crown with fixed prices that had to be followed by the traders (contradores). They then sold on the goods to retailers such as the Dutch trading house Cunertorf & Snel in Lisbon which in turn supplied the the north European market via trading agencies in Antwerp. However, it was no longer possible to make such a large profit as the price of spices fell.

    Towards the end of the 16th century, Dutch traders from various towns decided to take charge of the import of spices from Asia. In order to finance the ships and equipment , companies were formed such as the Brabantse Compagnie, the Rotterdamse Compagnie, the Compagnie van Verre, which in turn merged with the Second Compagnie in Amsterdam and was called the Old (Oude) Compagnie. Within a few years these companies equipped 65 ships spread over 15 fleets of which around 50 came back fully laden with goods. They fought the Portuguese, the English and each other. Theresult was a dramatic fall in the price of spices. Thus it was largely economic motives that forced the Dutch merchants to co-operate. Reason demanded a national merger.

    On 20 March 1602 the prime companies of Holland merged to form a large company called "Vereinigte Ostindische Compagnie (VOC) on the suggestion of the "landsadvocat" of the province of Holland Johan van Oldenbarnevelt (1547-1619) and the later General Governor Prinz Johann Moritz von Nassau (1606 - 1679). The new company received a state charter which granted it sovereign rights and this would be of great significance for its future development.

    This company documents the breakthrough of the first and soon largest worldwide dominating trading company of its time. The VOC displayed the basic attributes of a modern joint-stock company and initiated future economic and financial history.

    At the beginning the company was run by six chambers in signification trading centres: Amsterdam as the main focus, Seeland, Delft, Rotterdam, Hoorn and Enkhuizen.

    Each chamber appointed its own directors to Board of Directors that was 75 strong. From these the actual executive board was elected and consisted of 17 members.

    The original paid up share capital was 6,424,588 Guilders, a huge sum at that time.....

    根據兩個網頁,世界上第一隻股票都是在1602年的一間荷蘭公司,中文網頁說是“Dutch East India Company” ,英文網頁說是“Vereinigte Ostindische Compagnie”,其實是同一間公司 (

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  • 1 十年前


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