kcwongk23 發問於 社會及文化語言 · 1 十年前

點解這裡會用being可否用is呢?

The36-year-old man was handcuffed after being arrested by police office.

4 個解答

評分
  • HaHa
    Lv 7
    1 十年前
    最愛解答

    你這條問題實在是一條非常好的問題,它涉及的範疇是“動名詞”

    首先我要指出after在這裏並不是作連接詞conjunction用,而是作介系詞preposition用,因著preposition之後必須是名詞(或名詞相等用語),所以,在這句就用了動名詞。

    After being arrested by police office原本是:After his being arrested by police office,但因為與主要子句的subject相同,那就可以把his省略;但若主要子句的subject與動名詞意思上的主詞不相同的話就不可以省略,如:He insisted on my going there(他堅持我要去那兒)的my與He是不同人就不可以省略。但He insisted on (his) going there(他堅持要去)的his就可以省略。

    現在想你已知道 (his) being arrested是動名詞,那麼我們就要知道動名詞是怎樣形成;動名詞是:原形動詞+ing作為名詞用,如:reading novels的reading就是動名詞;Lying late的Lying就是動名詞。而動名詞的被動語態,是由:being+過去分詞所組成,如:I don’t like being spoken to like that(我不喜歡那樣被談論)的being spoken to就是動名詞的被動語態。

    現在你大約知道動名詞的被動語態怎樣形成,想,你現在也知道為甚麼不可用“is”或“was”之類。

  • 1 十年前

    這裡其實是兩句句子合併成一句的:

    The 36-year-old man was handcuffed. The 36-year-old man was arrested by police office.

    -->The 36-year-old man was handcuffed after he was arrested by police office.

    -->The 36-year-old man was handcuffed after being arrested by police office.

    "(subject) + WAS (IS) arrested" = "(no subject) + BEING arrested"

  • 1 十年前

    係呢句句子內, The 36-year-old man : '36-year-old' is an adjective, to describe the man

    ...after being arrested : We can't use 'is' because it is 'after' 之後, we need to use 'ing' form , 而'is' 的'ing' form 就係 'being'

    明否? Attention!!! 我未必一定對的!!!

    資料來源: me
  • kelman
    Lv 7
    1 十年前

    吾能,因為係reduced clause,用吾到main verb 嫁。

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