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- 1 十年前最愛解答
On May 31, 1911 launched, after passes through several month cruises, on April 10, 1912 made the maiden voyage, captain is E.J. Shi Mifu (E.J.Smith) [sees chart], embarked at that time in the society the different social stratum passenger altogether more than 2000 people, therefore the date high noon left the Nan'an Pu (Southampton) port, predetermined crossed the North Atlantic Ocean, went directly to the American New York.
Navigated near after 4 days, on April 14 gets up in the morning by radioly receives on her route to have the iceberg unceasingly, 11 o'clock 40 minutes, she directly is driving in the afternoon to the iceberg, although has avoided the bow and the iceberg frontage hit in the emergence, but the iceberg below the water line the picture has broken several hundred foot gaps front end hers starboard, the sea water rapid immerse 5 dams, after 10 minutes, the ship forehead as a result of entered Shui Zengzhong to sink 8 feet, midnight 12 o'clock, captain ordered to send out radio SOS QCD, on April 15 before dawn 12 o'clock 15 minutes to 17 minutes, the nearby sea areaMany ships receive the signal, goes to the rescue separately, 12 o'clock 25 minutes, captain by” women and children first” the order carries the passenger from the lifeboat to died the mail ship, each 12 o'clock 45 minutes, crew 5 to 6 minutes to sky rocket launching SOS; Because on the ship 16 lifeboat insufficient application, the passenger starts to be in a tumult, the ship front part continues to sink, the quarter upward upwarping, the crew member disperses the motion to 1 o'clock 40 minutes, the last lifeboat uses up when is compelled to stop.
Before dawn 2 o'clock to 18 by stages, the passenger and the crew who has not been able to get on the lifeboat surpasses on the huge ship which 1500 people will still remain submerge; 2 o'clock 18 minutes, overweight break as a result of the hull load, after on the ship the lighting system winks moves extinguishes completely, the ship succeeds in giving up two sections marine, the front part in vanishes, before dawn 2 o'clock 20 minutes, the upwarping stern also submerges in sunny nighttime sky Atlantic, according to records 1522 people to die, survivor 702 people.
- HeidiLv 51 十年前
RMS Titanic was an Olympic class passenger liner that became infamous for her collision with an iceberg on 14 April 1912 and dramatic sinking on 15 April 1912. The second of a trio of superliners, Titanic and her sisters were designed to provide a three-ship weekly express service and dominate the transatlantic travel business for the White Star Line.
Built at the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, Ireland, Titanic was the largest passenger steamship in the world at the time of her sinking. During Titanic's maiden voyage (from Southampton, England; to Cherbourg, France; Queenstown (Cobh), Ireland; then New York City), she struck an iceberg at 23:40 (ship's time) on Sunday 14 April 1912, sinking two hours and forty minutes later at 02:20 on Monday 15 April, having broken into two pieces at the aft expansion joint.
Titanic was designed to compete with rival company Cunard Line's Lusitania and Mauretania, luxurious ships and the fastest liners on the Atlantic. Titanic and its Olympic class sisters, Olympic and the then upcoming Gigantic, were intended to be the largest, most luxurious ships ever to operate (The planned name Gigantic was changed to Britannic after the disaster). Titanic was designed by Harland and Wolff chairman William Pirrie, head of Harland and Wolff's design department Thomas Andrews and general manager Alexander Carlisle, with the plans regularly sent to the White Star Line's managing director J. Bruce Ismay for suggestions and approval. Construction of the Titanic, funded by the American J.P. Morgan and his International Mercantile Marine Co., began on 31 March 1909. Titanic No. 401 was launched two years and two months later on 31 May 1911. Titanic's outfitting was completed on 31 March the following year.
Titanic was 882 feet 9 inches (269 m) long and 92 feet 6 inches (28 m) at the beam (6 inches longer than twin ship RMS Olympic). She had a Gross Register Tonnage of 46,328 tons, and a height from the water line to the boat deck of 60 feet (18 m). She contained two reciprocating four-cylinder, triple-expansion, inverted steam engines and one low-pressure Parsons turbine. These powered three propellers. There were 25 double-ended and 4 single-ended Scotch-type boilers fired by 159 coal burning furnaces that made possible a top speed of 23 knots (43 km/h). Only three of the four 63 foot (19 m) tall funnels were functional; the fourth, which served only as a vent, was added to make the ship look more impressive. Titanic could carry a total of 3,547 passengers and crew and, because she carried mail, her name was given the prefix RMS (Royal Mail Steamer) as well as SS (Steam Ship).
The Titanic was considered a pinnacle of naval architecture and technological achievement, and was thought by The Shipbuilder magazine to be "practically unsinkable". Titanic had a double-bottom hull, containing 44 tanks for boiler water and ballast to keep the ship safely balanced at sea (later ships also had a double-walled hull). Titanic exceeded the lifeboat standard, with 20 lifeboats (though not enough for all passengers). Titanic was divided into 16 compartments by doors held up, i.e. in the open position, by electro-magnetic latches and which could be closed by a switch on the ship's bridge.
- 1 十年前
1911年5月31日下水, 經過數月的試航後, 1912年4月10日作首次航行, 船長為E.J.史密夫(E.J.Smith)[見圖], 搭載了當時社會上不同階層的乘客共二千多人, 於是日正午離開了南安普頓(Southampton)港, 預定渡過北大西洋, 直達美國紐約。
航行了近4天以後, 4月14日上午起由無線電不斷收到她的航道上有冰山, 下午11時40分, 她正迎頭向冰山駛去, 雖然在危急中避開了船頭和冰山正面撞擊, 但冰山在她的右舷前端吃水線以下畫破了一道幾百英尺的缺口, 海水迅速浸沒了5個水閘, 10分鐘後, 船頭部由於入水增重而下沉了8英尺, 午夜12時, 船長命令發出無線電求救訊號QCD, 4月15日凌晨12時15分至17分, 附近海域多艘船收到訊號, 分別前往營救, 12時25分, 船長以”婦孺優先”的命令把乘客自救生艇載離遇難郵輪, 12時45分, 船員每隔5至6分鐘向上空發射火箭求救訊號;由於船上的16艘救生艇不敷應用, 乘客開始騷動, 船前部繼續向下沉, 船尾部向上翹起, 乘員的疏散行動至1時40分鐘, 最後一艘救生艇用完時被迫停頓。
凌晨2時至18分期間, 未能登上救生艇的乘客及船員超過1500人仍留在將沉沒的巨輪上; 2時18分, 由於船身負荷過重而斷裂, 船上照明系統眨動一下之後完全熄滅, 船斷成兩截, 前部在海上消失, 凌晨2時20分 ,翹起的船尾亦沉沒於晴朗夜空的大西洋上, 根據記載1522人遇難, 生還者702人.