What are the difference between ions, charges and electrons?

What are the difference between ions, charges and electrons?

Please answer my question in terms of Chemistry and Physics knowledge.


1 個解答

  • 匿名
    1 十年前


    An ion is an atom or group of atoms that has lost or gained one or more electrons. The simplest ions are the proton (a hydrogen ion, 1H+, positive charge), and alpha particle (helium ion, 4He2+, consisting of two protons and two neutrons). An ion consisting of a single atom is called a monatomic ion, and an ion consisting of multiple atoms is called a polyatomic ion. Larger ions containing many atoms are called molecular ions. The process of converting electrically neutral atoms or molecules into ions and the state of being ionized is called ionization. The recombining of ions and electrons to form neutral atoms or molecules is called recombination. In layman's terms, an ion is any molecule that has a charge.

    Fast ions that move essentially in one direction are used in atomic physics, nuclear physics and particle physics (see Charged particle beam), Ion source, or Particle accelerator

    (charges )

    Charge may refer to:

    In physics, charge is the susceptibility of a body to one of the fundamental forces, particularly as in the electric charge of electromagnetism.

    In electricity, the charge is the quantity of energy stored in a device such as a battery.

    In money, a charge is any fee assessed, such as the usage cost for a service, payment required upon entering, or a penalty cost for being late with a payment.

    To charge a vessel is to fill it with material, which is subsequently known as the charge.

    The air or fuel/air mixture being fed into the intake in an internal combustion engine. Charge air usually refers to air that has not had fuel mixed with it.

    During the European Middle Ages, a charge meant an underage person placed under the supervision of a nobleman.

    In heraldry, a charge is any object depicted on the shield.

    Charge!!, a 2005 album by The Aquabats

    Benzylpiperazine, a legal party pill in New Zealand

    CHARGE syndrome, a specific set of birth defects in children

    Charge card, anything similar to a credit card

    A pen spinning trick where the pen makes conic rotations between two fingers

    A political term, short for chargé d'affaires, a diplomatic office involved in foreign affairs

    Charge Recordings, a record label

    Charged Records, a record label

    ( electrons )

    The electron is a fundamental subatomic particle that carries a negative electric charge. It is a spin-½ lepton that participates in electromagnetic interactions, and its mass is less than one thousandth of that of the smallest atom. Its electric charge is defined by convention to be negative, with a value of −1 in atomic units. Together with atomic nuclei, electrons make up atoms; their interaction with adjacent nuclei is the main cause of chemical bonding.

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