'past perfect tense'點用?IN A HURRY!!!

請問'past perfect tense'點用?IT"S IN A HURRY!!!thanks!!!

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  • 1 十年前
    最愛解答

    動詞的過去完成時態的形態是:had + 動詞的過去分詞

    動詞的過去完成時態表示:

    過去某一時間之前已經完成的動作或狀態

    使用這種時態,多會涉及兩個動作或狀態。一個在前,一個在後。

    敘述前面的動作或狀態,動詞要用過去完成時態;敘述後面的動作

    或狀態,動詞要用一般過去時態。

    例如:

    I had taken my supper when he arrived.

    ﹝當他到達時,我已吃完我的晚餐。﹞

    ※ 上述句子涉及兩個動作,一是「他到達」,二是「我吃晚餐」。

    「我吃晚餐」在前,要用過去完成時態;「他到達」在後,要用

    一般過去時態。

    ※ 圖示:

    過去 現在 將來

    _________________________│__________________________

    │ │

    past perfect simple past

    Had you finished your work when I visited you yesterday?

    When I reached the station, the train had already started.

    He said that his father had returned to America.

    After I had done my work, I played tennis.

    ※ 若用了 "After" 這個詞,可不用過去完成時態,因已有「之後」

    的含意。即:

    After I did my work, I played tennis.

    在這種情況下,"After I did my work"是:

    " Simple past Tense in form, but past perfect Tense in meaning."

    ﹝形式上是一般過去時態,但意義上是過去完成時態﹞

    同樣,I had seen your father before I went.亦可寫成:

    I saw your father before I went.

    資料來源: http://www.npc.edu.hk
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