學樟 發問於 文學及人文學歷史 · 1 十年前

Why Japan rise the miliarism before 1945?

我仲想知有關reason和end of miliarism.

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  • 1 十年前
    最愛解答

    External Factors:

    1. great depression

    2. Rise of Militant nationalism in China

    3. Rise of fascism in Europe

    Internal Factors:

    1. Failure of democratic party gov't

    2. Traditional factor ( samurai spirit )

    3. weakeness of meiji constitution (powers given to militarist)

    4. Impact of Military and educational reform (emphasis om loyalty to state and emperor)

    5. Ideological factor ( writer writing books about militarism,eg an outline plan for the reconsruction of Japan)

    6. Independent military actions and military uprising

    7. Rise of militant extreme nationalism

    8. failure of peaceful economic expansion

    The rise of militarism (course)

    The Manchurian Incident of September 1931 did not fail, and it set the stage for the eventual military takeover of the Japanese government. Guandong Army conspirators blew up a few meters of South Manchurian Railway Company track near Mukden (now Shenyang), blamed it on Chinese saboteurs, and used the event as an excuse to seize Mukden. One month later, in Tokyo, military figures plotted the October Incident, which was aimed at setting up a national socialist state. The plot failed, but again the news was suppressed and the military perpetrators were not punished. Japanese forces attacked Shanghai in January 1932 on the pretext of Chinese resistance in Manchuria. Finding stiff Chinese resistance in Shanghai, the Japanese waged a three-month undeclared war there before a truce was reached in March 1932. Several days later, Manchukuo was established. Manchukuo was a Japanese puppet state headed by the last Chinese emperor, Puyi, as chief executive and later emperor. The civilian government in Tokyo was powerless to prevent these military happenings. Instead of being condemned, the Guandong Army's actions enjoyed popular support back home. International reactions were extremely negative, however. Japan withdrew from the League of Nations, and the United States became increasingly hostile.

    The Japanese system of party government finally met its demise with the May 15th Incident in 1932, when a group of junior naval officers and army cadets assassinated Prime Minister Inukai Tsuyoshi (1855-1932). In the February 26th Incident of 1936, about 1,500 troops went on a rampage of assassination against the current and former prime ministers and other cabinet members, and even Saionji and members of the imperial court. The revolt was put down by other military units, and its leaders were executed after secret trials. Despite public dismay over these events and the discredit they brought to numerous military figures, Japan's civilian leadership capitulated to the army's demands in the hope of ending domestic violence. Increases were seen in defense budgets, naval construction (Japan announced it would no longer accede to the London Naval Treaty), and patriotic indoctrination as Japan moved toward a wartime footing.

    end of miliarism

    After the second world war, allied occupation

    SCAP clear all militaristic elements

    disarm, military leaders were arrested

    Japan was not allow to have any arm force

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