- ?Lv 71 十年前最愛解答
The Macadamia nut tree belongs to the family Proteaceae. It is native to the coastal rain forest areas of Australia . Macadamia seeds were first imported into Hawaii in 1882 by William Purvis and macadamias have since become the most important tree crop in Hawaii . Total acres in macadamia production is 20,200 acres and Hawaii ’s macadamia industry is valued at $ 175 million annually. Major production of macadamia is on the island of Hawaii ( Big Island ).
In Hawaii , commercial orchards are planted with grafted seedlings. Macadamia nut trees can start bearing a small crop in the fifth year after planting, and full production is reached in 12 to 15 years. The trees require 60 – 120 inches of rainfall a year and can be grown from sea level to an elevation of 2500 feet.
Macadamia nuts are harvested manually after they have fallen. In Hawaii , the nuts typically drop 8 to 9 months of the year from May to December. The husk and the shell accounts for most of the macadamia nut’s weight. Husk is about 50 % of the whole nut. The average kernel recovery rate from "in-shell nuts" (without the husk) is about 25 to 35 %. That means the kernel is only 15 % of the whole macadamia nut.
Other good Hawaiian stuff includes the o riginal Hawaiian Chocolate, made from beans extracted from the pods that grow on Big Island cacao trees, are getting rave reviews from culinary experts. Organic Kona coffee, at upwards of $35 pound, is taking its place along side the less expensive Kona blends. Wine and now rum are being produced in the Islands . And Oils of Aloha, based on Oahu , is marketing beauty products made from the oil of native Kukui nuts.
Hawaii shirts and hula dolls cannot be missed. And of course the colorful flower leis!