Tiffany 發問於 社會及文化語言 · 1 十年前

Wirting - Superstitions(急)

Tell and explain three Western siperstitions and three Chinese superstitions.



1 個解答

  • 1 十年前

    Western superstitions:

    1.Friday and the number 13 both have foreboding reputations said to date from ancient times. Their inevitable conjunction from one to three times a year denotes more misfortune than some can bear.It is said that Adam and Eve were expelled from the Garden of Eden on a Friday, Noah's flood started on a Friday, and Christ was crucified on a Friday. Christians also noted that twelve witches plus one devil are present at Satanic ceremonies so Friday and 13 make a deadly combination.

    2.Knocking on wood is done to prevent bad luck. This comes from the ancient Celtics who worshipped the tree as the foremost worldly representation of the Divine. The power of a tree was used for support prior to battle and Druid priests performed all of their rituals and incantations within a sacred forest. The trees consumed all evil demons back into the ground.

    Knocking on wood is noted for warding off punishment for bragging. People once thought that evil spirits would become jealous if good fortune was pointed out to them, and would relieve the bragger of that good fortune. Evil spirits were frightened away by the noise of knocking on wood three times, and would not hear of the good fortune.

    3.Bad luck coming to a person who walks under a ladder is a superstition that has a couple of possible origins. Some believe it originates with the early Christian belief that a leaning ladder formed a triangle with the wall and ground. People must never violate the Holy Trinity by walking through a triangle. Others believe that it dates back to Medieval Europe and the attacks upon castles. When invading a castle with its draw bridge up, one of the means invading armies used was to place ladder on the walls and send troop up the ladders to fight their way into the castle.3One of the defenses for this invasion was to pour boiling oil or tar down the sides of the castle wall to repel the invaders. Those unfortunate souls that had to hold the ladders in place often received a deadly bath. It quickly became apparent that one had to hold the ladder from the front and that it was extremely bad luck to hold it from under the ladder.

    Chinese superstitions:

    1.The number 4's use is minimized or avoided where possible. Mobile telephone numbers with 4 in them sell for less and some buildings even skip the level four, labeling it the 5th floor instead. This is because the Chinese word for 4, sì, sounds nearly the same same as the word for death sǐ(死).

    2.The Chinese think that it is unlucky to stick chopsticks upright into a bowl of rice when having meals, because it looks like two incense sticks in an incense burner, and the only time you offer incense to another person is when the other person is dead.

    3.New Year's Cleaning is also a superstition. The entire house should be cleaned before New Year's Day. On New Year's Eve, all brooms, brushes, dusters, dust pans and other cleaning equipment are put away. Sweeping or dusting should not be done on New Year's Day for fear that good fortune will be swept away. After New Year's Day, the floors may be swept. Beginning at the door, the dust and rubbish are swept to the middle of the parlor, then placed in the corners and not taken or thrown out until the fifth day. At no time should the rubbish in the corners be trampled upon. In sweeping, there is a superstition that if you sweep the dirt out over the threshold, you will sweep one of the family members away. Also, to sweep the dust and dirt out of your house by the front entrance is to sweep away the good fortune of the family; it must always be swept inwards and then carried out, then no harm will follow. All dirt and rubbish must be taken out the back door.

    資料來源: me