What is Sikhism? In English

What is Sikhism?

Plz Include the rites and rituals associated with birth, initiation, marriage and death.

In english plz.

Detail information plz

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2 個解答

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  • ?
    Lv 5
    1 十年前
    最愛解答

    Sikhism = 錫克教

    UK BBC has an excellent page on Sikhism:

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/sikhism/

    【Baby rites】

    Sikhs follow the instructions for all ceremonies (birth, naming and marriage) as set out in the Sikh Rahit Maryada (Sikh code of conduct) and by following the holy book the Guru Granth Sahib.

    【Amrit ceremony 】

    Sikhs who have been through the Amrit Ceremony of initiation become baptised Sikhs, take new names, and wear the 5 Ks.

    【Sikh weddings 】

    The Sikh marriage is called Anand Karaj. This form of marriage was introduced from the time of the Sikh Gurus and was given statutory recognition during the British rule in India by the Anand Marriage Act 1909.

    【Sikhs Funeral】

    Sikhs believe in the cycle of reincarnation. A Sikh tries to be constantly mindful of death so that he or she may be sufficiently prayerful, detached and righteous to break the cycle of birth and death and return to God.

    'Because the soul never dies, there is no mourning at the death of a Sikh'

    After death, Sikhs prepare the body for the funeral with a yoghurt bath whilst reciting prayers. Next the body is dressed in new clothes and with the five symbols of a Sikh - kirpan, the Sikh knife which represents compassion and one's task to defend the truth; kara, stainless steel bracelet; kachera, special Sikh underwear; kanga, small comb; and kesh, or uncut hair.

    A short ceremony takes place at the funeral home before the cremation. An ardas, or community prayer, is recited to begin the service. A minister may be present to offer prayers and say a few words, but this is optional. Two Sikh daily prayers, Japji and Kirtan Sohila, are recited and the cremation begins. Although these prayers may be continuously recited throughout the cremation, the basic funeral service ends at this time and guests may leave. This service usually lasts about 30 to 60 minutes.

    【Other information】

    Sikhism was founded in the 16th century in the Punjab district of what is now India and Pakistan. It was founded by Guru Nanak and is based on his teachings, and those of the 9 Sikh gurus who followed him.

    Sikhs 錫克教徒 think religion should be practiced by living in the world and coping with life's everyday problems. The most important thing in Sikhism is the internal religious state of the individual.

    =Sikhism stresses the importance of doing good actions rather than merely carrying out rituals.

    =Sikhs believe that the way to lead a good life is to:

    *Keep God in heart and mind at all times

    *Live honestly and work hard

    *Treat everyone equally

    *Be generous to the less fortunate

    *Serve others

    The Sikh place of worship is called a Gurdwara. The Sikh scripture is a book called the Guru Granth Sahib. The tenth Sikh Guru decreed that after his death the spiritual guide of the Sikhs would be the teachings contained in that book, so it now has the status of a Guru, and Sikhs show it the respect they would give to a human Guru

    The community of men and women who have been initiated into the Sikh faith is the Khalsa. The Khalsa celebrated its 300th anniversary in 1999.

    Guru Gobind Singh decreed that where Sikhs could not find answers in the Guru Granth Sahib, they should decide issues as a community, based on the principles of their scripture.

  • Jerry
    Lv 6
    1 十年前

    錫克教(Sikhism)是誕生並流行於印度部份地區的宗教。錫克教是在印度教的虔信派/毗濕奴城派和伊斯蘭教蘇菲派的共同基礎上產生。1469年由第一任祖師拿那克(Nanak)創始。聖地在旁遮普邦阿姆利則市,此地有錫克教最大寺廟——大金廟。

    「錫克」在梵文的原意是「門徒」﹐因該教教徒自稱祖師的門徒。錫克教強調人人平等,男人之間互為兄弟,女人之間互為姐妹。他們不祭祀「神」,只禮拜幾代祖師。

    據統計﹐20世紀80年代時約有信徒900萬人﹐85%以上居住在印度的旁遮普邦﹐剩下的則主要居住在哈里亞那邦的德里﹐另外馬來西亞、新加坡、美國、英國及加拿大等國也有錫克教徒。

    錫克教男人都用長布包頭,勇敢善戰,多取名為「辛格」(意為獅子)。由於他們是信仰印度教的當地王公的叛逆,在英國統治印度期間,比較和英國人合作,所以是當時軍隊的主要力量。在上海英國租界的巡捕也主要是錫克教徒,因為他們用統一的紅布包頭,所以被上海人稱為「紅頭阿三」。

    現在的印度總理曼莫漢·辛格也是錫克教徒。

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