Mark 發問於 社會及文化語言 · 1 十年前

noun + to + verb...係點架

好似以下呢句:

Japan to decide on whaling moves in next few days

呢個係咩句式?

同Japan decided to on whaling moves in next few days

有咩唔同?點解可以 n+to+v. 咁用既?

2 個解答

評分
  • 1 十年前
    最愛解答

    Japan to decide on whaling moves in next few days這種寫法只會係標題中常見。因為其動詞{is}已被暗示,所以在版位有限的情形下沒有被打出。以下是寫標題的一些技巧,或者可以進一步解釋其他莫名其妙的標題。

    HEADLINE WRITING SKILLS

    Headline writing requires skill and concentration. Your headline must give the essence of the story. While explaining the story accurately, your headline also must fit into a limited space.

    Some copy editors approach headline writing by looking for a key word or two that expresses the high point of the story. Then they add other words until they have a headline. Other copy editors begin by forming a sentence that contains the essential elements of the story. Then they edit out excess words (adverbs, adjectives, articles, and so forth) and minor details until all that is left is a well-tailored headline that tells the story essentials.

    Headlines are written in telegraphic English, a term coined because they closely resemble the wording found in most telegrams. While the consideration in telegrams is mostly monetary, the economical consideration of headlines is space. Therefore, headlines usually contain as the “bare bones” of language - a subject and verb. Other strong uses of telegraphic English might include subject-predicate or subject-verb-object constructions.

    A straight news headline is written for a straight news story and a feature headline for a feature story. If the story is a colourful account of some event or trip, the headline should be colourful. If the story is a romantic or dramatic account of an event, the headline should follow form. If it is a human-interest story with an element of pathos, the headline should not be humorous. If the story is humorous, the headline should not be pathetic.

    USE OF VERBS

    The key to good headline writing is the use, whenever possible, of strong action verbs. Headline writers use verbs in what is sometimes called the ‘historical present’ tense - meaning they use the present tense verb to describe action that has already happened. Primarily, this tense is used to convey a sense of immediacy, in the same way many people normally speak in the present tense to describe exciting experiences to friends. Present tense verbs contain fewer letters than do their past tense forms.

    Verbs may be omitted when implied. For example, the verb “appears” is implied in the following headline:

    Sunil in final list

    However, do not overuse this approach. Action verbs are still best for capturing a reader’s attention. The verbs are and is are frequently understood. It is not necessary to use them except for clarity. The infinitive “to be” is also awkward in headlines and you should avoid using it. Note the following examples:

    Poor: New pay raise is approved

    Better: New pay raise approved

    Do not begin a headline with a verb that might convey the imperative mood (implying a command). Note the examples that follow:

    Poor: Reject new pay hike for armed forces

    Good: Armed forces pay hike rejected by Congress

    Better: Congress rejects new pay hike for armed forces

    To give the reader a better sense of immediacy, the verb should be in the first line of a headline whenever possible. When you can avoid it, do not place the verb in the bottom line of a three-line head.

    ARTICLES

    Omit all articles (a, an, the) and other unnecessary words, where possible. Note the following example:

    Poor: Today’s submariners are “lucky” says veteran of the USS Grant

    Better: Today’s submariners “lucky” says USS Grant veteran

    尚有其他,可以在參考資料的連結中詳閱。

  • 1 十年前

    The noun phrase of the sentence is "Japan to decide on whaling". "to decide on whaling" is an infinitive phrase to describe the noun "Japan". Another form is participial phrase, like present participle -ing. e.g a boring movie, or past participle, e.g. a broken window.

    The verb in the sentence is "move", meaning "to make a formal motion in parliamentary procedure" in the context of this sentence.

    The 2nd sentence is grammatically incorrect.

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