我想問酒後駕駛的壞處和影響 (use english)

如題 請用英文作答

for english news comment

3 個解答

評分
  • 1 十年前
    最愛解答

    For addiction to alcohol affects a people mentally,it will make a people moody.Itwill affect judgement and thinking.His/hers vision may become blurry,too.therefore,if a people drink driving will not only endanger the driver himself,but also innocent people.

    資料來源: me
  • 1 十年前

    酒後駕駛的壞處

    1) 飲酒對社會安全的影響: 有許多凶殺案、強暴事件及交通事故,是與飲酒過量有關。

    2.飲酒對神經系統的影響:加速腦部老化過程、損傷智力、情緒不穩定、注意力分散,導致錯誤的判斷。

    3.飲酒對肝臟的影響:引起急性酒精肝炎、脂肪肝、肝硬化等。

    4.飲酒對消化系統的影響:引起慢性胃炎、胃潰瘍、十二指腸潰瘍、急慢性胰臟炎、食道靜脈曲張、食道出血等。

    5.飲酒對心臟血管系統的影響:初期輕微胸痛、心律不整,逐漸變成心臟擴大、心室衰竭,酒精會增高血壓,容易造成中風或續發性心臟病。

    6.飲酒與癌症的關係:酗酒者身體許多部位癌症的發生率比一般人高,尤其口腔、咽喉、食道、肝臟等器官。

    7.酒與藥物的關係:感冒藥、鎮靜劑、安眠藥等如果和酒一起服用,會增強藥物作用,而產生危險。

    8.飲酒與意外事故的關係:酒精會破壞肌肉的協調、神經反應遲緩、注意力不集中,所以酒後開車很容易發生意外事故。據統計顯示,酗酒的人自殺率比一般人高6倍,而且酗酒的人平均餘命比一般人少10—15歲。

    唔好意思, 只得中文, 不過如果做newspaper cutting既comment,

    應該寫你自己既感想過酒後既影響同壞處, 因為d字眼好難翻釋成英文.

  • 1 十年前

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    Driving under the influence of alcohol, drunk driving, drinking and driving, or drink-driving, is the act of operating a motor vehicle (and sometimes a bicycle or similar human-powered vehicle) after having consumed alcohol (ethanol) or other drugs, to the degree that mental and motor skills are impaired.

    In addition to driving under the influence of alcohol and driving under the influence of other drugs, a third "DUI" offense consists of driving under the combined influence of alcohol and other drugs. The drugs causing or contributing to the impairment need not be illegal, but can consist of lawfully prescribed or over-the-counter medication. Anti-drunk-driving advertising campaigns have aimed to raise awareness of the legal situation and the dangers of driving while intoxicated. Drunk-driving is responsible for a large number of deaths, injuries, damage and accidents every year.

    The specific criminal offense may be called, depending on the jurisdiction, driving while intoxicated (DWI), driving while impaired (also DWI), operating while intoxicated (OWI), operating a motor vehicle while intoxicated (OMVI), driving under the influence [of alcohol or other drugs] (DUI), driving under the combined influence of alcohol and/or other drugs, driving under the influence per se or drunk in charge [of a vehicle]. Such laws may also apply to boating (as in Canada's Ontario province[2]), piloting aircraft, and even bicycling in some states such as California.

    BAC is most conveniently measured as a simple percent of alcohol in the blood by weight. It does not depend on any units of measurement. In Europe it is usually expressed as milligrams of alcohol per 100 millilitres of blood. However, 100 milliliters of blood weighs essentially the same as 100 milliliters of water, which weighs precisely 100 grams. Thus, for all practical purposes, this is the same as the simple dimensionless BAC measured as a percent. Since 2002 it has been illegal in all 50 US states to drive with a BAC that is 0.08% or higher.

    Driving while consuming alcohol is generally illegal, though driving after drinking remains legal. In some jurisdictions it is also illegal for an open container of an alcoholic beverage to be in the passenger compartment of a motor vehicle or in some specific area of that compartment.

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    Blood alcohol concentration (BAC) is the amount of alcohol in an individual’s body, measured by the weight of the alcohol in a volume of blood. The BAC limit determines the maximum amount of alcohol that can be consumed before it is illegal to operate a motor vehicle on a public road.

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    Drunk Driving - The Dangers

    Although alcohol-related traffic fatalities have been on the decline in recent years, the certainty of highway deaths due to alcohol impaired drivers is so predictable each holiday period many state highway patrol departments each year issue highway fatality "projections" that will turn out to be uncanningly accurate.

    In spite of all the warnings, public awareness and educational programs, stiffer penalties for violations, and efforts by law enforcement agencies across the nation to be more visible and diligent in protecting the highways, people will still make the decision to get behind the wheel of their vehicles while intoxicated.

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    http://www.indiana.edu/~iupd/drunkdriving.htm

    http://www.maddorangecounty.org/impact.htm

    http://alcoholism.about.com/od/dui/a/impaired.htm

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