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? 發問於 娛樂及音樂音樂其他 - 音樂 · 1 十年前

中樂歷史 (in english)(10點)

由古代到現代ge 中樂歷史


in english


2 個解答

  • 1 十年前

    Traditional Chinese musical instruments comprise a wide range of string, wind, and percussion instruments. Traditionally, they were also classified according to the materials used in their construction.



    Re-enactment of a traditional music performance

    The Eight Sounds (八音)

    The eight classifications are: silk, bamboo, wood, stone, metal, clay, gourd and hide. There are other instruments which may not fit these classifications.

    Silk (絲)

    Silk instruments are mostly string instruments (including plucked, bowed, and struck). Since the very beginning, the Chinese have used silk for strings, though today metal or nylon are more frequently used. Instruments in the silk category include:


    Guqin (Chinese: 古琴; pinyin: gǔqín) - Seven-stringed zither

    Se (Chinese: 瑟; pinyin: sè) - 25 stringed zither with moveable bridges (ancient sources say 13, 25 or 50 strings)

    Guzheng (古箏) - 16-26 stringed zither with movable bridges

    Konghou (箜篌) - Chinese harp (much like a Western one)

    Pipa (琵琶) - 4 or 5 stringed pear-shaped lute

    Sanxian (三弦) - A plucked lute with body covered with snakeskin and long fretless neck

    Ruan (Chinese: 阮; pinyin: ruǎn) - Moon-shaped lute in five sizes: gaoyin-, xiao-, zhong-, da-, and diyin-

    Liuqin (柳琴) - A small plucked lute with a pear-shaped body and four strings

    Yueqin (月琴) - A plucked lute with a wooden body, a short fretted neck, and four strings tuned in pairs

    Qinqin (秦琴) - A plucked lute with a wooden body and fretted neck

    Duxianqin (Traditional Chinese: 獨弦琴; Simplified Chinese: 独弦琴) - A plucked zither with only one string


    Huqin (胡琴) - Family of vertical fiddles

    Erhu (二胡) - Two-stringed fiddle

    Zhonghu (中胡) - Two-stringed fiddle, lower pitch than erhu

    Gaohu (高胡) - Two-stringed fiddle, higher pitch than erhu

    Banhu (板胡) - Two-stringed fiddle with a coconut resonator and wooden face

    Jinghu (京胡) - Two-stringed fiddle, very high pitched, used mainly for Peking Opera

    Erxian (二弦) - Two-stringed fiddle, used in Cantonese, Chaozhou, and nanguan music

    Tiqin (提琴) - Two-stringed fiddle, used in kunqu, Chaozhou, Cantonese, Fujian, and Taiwanese music

    teachers (#~#)this has been copyed from wikipedea

    Yehu (椰胡) - Two-stringed fiddle with coconut body

    Daguangxian (大广弦) - Fiddle used primarily in Taiwan and Fujian

    Datong (大筒)

    Datongxian (大筒弦)

    Hexian (和弦) - Large fiddle used primarily among the Hakka of Taiwan

    Huluqin (葫芦琴) - Two-stringed fiddle with gourd body used by the Naxi of Yunnan

    Huluhu (Traditional Chinese: 葫盧胡; Simplified Chinese: 葫芦胡) - Two-stringed fiddle with gourd body used by the Zhuang of Guangxi

    Maguhu (Traditional Chinese: 馬骨胡; Simplified Chinese: 马骨胡; pinyin: mǎgǔhú) - Two-stringed fiddle with horse bone body used bu the Zhuang and Buyei peoples of southern China

    Tuhu (土胡) - Two-stringed fiddle used by the Zhuang people of Guangxi

    Jiaohu (角胡) - Two-stringed fiddle used by the Gelao people of Guangxi, as well as the Miao and Dong

    Sihu (四胡) - Four-stringed fiddle with strings tuned in pairs

    Sanhu (三胡) - A 3-stringed erhu with an additional bass string; developed in the 1970s[1]

    Zhuihu (Traditional Chinese: 墜胡; Simplified Chinese: 坠胡) - Two-stringed fiddle with fingerboard

    Zhuiqin (traditional: 墜琴; simplified: 坠琴) - Two-stringed fiddle with fingerboard

    Leiqin (雷琴) - Two-stringed fiddle with fingerboard

    Dihu (低胡) - Low pitched two-stringed fiddles in the erhu family, in three sizes:

    Xiaodihu (小低胡) - Small dihu, tuned one octave below the erhu

    Zhongdihu (中低胡) - Medium dihu, tuned one octave below the zhonghu

    Dadihu (大低胡) - Large dihu, tuned two octaves below the erhu

  • 1 十年前

    Fail to answer the main point: The history of Chinese music