2 個解答

  • 1 十年前

    Teamwork is the concept of people working together cooperatively, as in a sports team.

    Large ambitious goals usually require that people work together, so teamwork has become an important concept in organizations. Effective teams are an intermediary goal towards getting good, sustainable results. Industry has seen increasing efforts through training and cross-training to help people to work together more effectively and to accomplish shared goals, whether colleagues are present or absent.

    The old structures are being reformed. As organizations seek to become more flexible in the face of rapid environmental change and more responsive to the needs of customers, they are experimenting with new, team-based structures. (Jackson & Ruderman, 1996)

    Team Player

    A 2003 national representative survey, HOW-FAIR [1], revealed that Americans think that 'being a team player' was the most important factor in getting ahead in the workplace. This was ranked higher than several factors, including 'merit and performance', 'leadership skills', 'intelligence', 'making money for the organization' and 'long hours'.

    The meaning of being a team player has been reevaluated, though, by those that analyze workplace dynamics through the lens of racial, cultural and gender diversity. In this view, evaluating employees on being a team player may sometimes be a shortcut to imposing the default cultural norms. People who behave outside of the implicit and default norms may be perceived not to be team players. Implicit and default norms often include unwritten, unspoken cultural norms. It is the difference between individuation, maintaining a sense of self and identity in an organization, and losing the self in the organization.

    Skills needed for teamwork

    Aside from any required technical proficiency, a wide variety of social skills are desirable for successful teamwork, including:

    Listening - it is important to listen to other people's ideas. When people are allowed to freely express their ideas, these initial ideas will produce other ideas.

    Questioning - it is important to ask questions, interact, and discuss the objectives of the team.

    Persuading - individuals are encouraged to exchange, defend, and then to ultimately rethink their ideas.

    Respecting - it is important to treat others with respect and to support their ideas.

    Helping - it is crucial to help one's coworkers, which is the general theme of teamwork.

    Sharing - it is important to share with the team to create an environment of teamwork.

    Participating - all members of the team are encouraged to participate in the team.

    team work is the key to a win in a game team is like a beam, that can se seen, from even the very far gleam.

    Team development

    The forming-storming-norming-performing model takes the team through four stages of team development and maps quite well on to many project management life cycle models, such as initiation - definition - planning - realisation.

    As teams grow larger, the skills and methods that people require grow as more ideas are expressed freely. Managers must use these to create or maintain a spirit of teamwork change. The intimacy of a small group is lost, and the opportunity for misinformation and disruptive rumors grows. Managers find that communication methods that once worked well are impractical with so many people to lead. Specifically, leaders might encounter difficulties based on Daglow's Law of Team Dynamics: "Small teams are informed. Big teams infer."

  • 1 十年前