- WinnieLv 71 十年前最愛解答
The Summer Palace or Yiheyuan (Traditional Chinese: 頤和園; Simplified Chinese: 颐和园; pinyin: Yíhé Yuán; literally "Garden of Nurtured Harmony") is a palace in Beijing, China. The Summer Palace is mainly dominated by Longevity Hill (60 meters high) and the Kunming Lake. It covers an expanse of 2.9 square kilometers, three quarters of which is water. In its compact 70,000 square metres of building space, one finds a variety of palaces, gardens, and other classical-style architectural structures.
The Summer Palace started out life as the Garden of Clear Ripples (Traditional Chinese: 清漪園; Simplified Chinese: 清漪园; pinyin: Qīngyī Yuán) in 1750 (Reign Year 15 of Emperor Qianlong). Artisans reproduced the garden architecture styles of various palaces in China. Kunming Lake was created by extending an existing body of water to imitate the West Lake in Hangzhou. The palace complex suffered two major attacks--during the Anglo-French allied invasion of 1860 (with the Old Summer Palace also ransacked at the same time), and during the Boxer Rebellion, in an attack by the eight allied powers in 1900. The garden survived and was rebuilt in 1886 and 1902. In 1888, it was given the current name, Yihe Yuan. It served as a summer resort for Empress Dowager Cixi, who diverted 30 million taels of silver, said to be originally designated for the Chinese navy (Beiyang Fleet), into the reconstruction and enlargement of the Summer Palace.
View over Kunming Lake towards Yu Quan Hill with Yu Feng Pagoda.
A Panorama shot taken in Winter.
In December 1998, UNESCO included the Summer Palace on its World Heritage List. It declared the Summer Palace an "outstanding expression of the creative art of Chinese landscape garden design, incorporating the works of humankind and nature in a harmonious whole."
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Entering from the northern gate, the visitor first comes across Suzhou Street, designed to replicate the scenery of south-eastern China. At the top of Longevity Hill stands Duobao Glazed Pagoda. From the top of the hill one can see Kunming Lake to the south and southwest. The Marble Boat is at the southwest foot of the hill, and the Long Corridor runs east to west along its southern edge. Most of the other notable buildings (17-Arch Bridge; Traditional Chinese: 十七孔橋; Simplified Chinese: 十七孔桥; pinyin: Shíqī Kǒng Qiáo) run along the eastern edge of the lake, directly south of the eastern end of the Long Corridor. Other features of the Summer Palace include the Cloud-Dispelling Hall, the Tower of Buddhist Incense and Jade Belt Bridge.
The Summer Palace is easily accessible from most parts of Beijing. Head north at Suzhou Bridge on the north-western 3rd Ring Road, north at Sihai Bridge on the north-western 4th Ring Road, or south at the northern 5th Ring Road at the Zhongguancun/Beiqing Road exit. Public transportation also reaches the Summer Palace.
ChinaSummerPalace.com A guide to the Summer Palace, with over 300 high quality photographs
Beijingservice.com: Summer Palace
Beijingservice.com: Pictures of Summer Palace
TravelChinaGuide.com: Summer Palace
BeijingTrip.com: Summer Palace
The Summer Palace in Beijing
Summer Palace, Beijing, A Photography Tour
Summer Palace (from the Beijing Official Web Portal)
- 1 十年前
A selection of cultural relics revealing the history of Chengde Summer Palace and the Qing dynasty (1644-1911) will go on display at the Hong Kong Museum of History from tomorrow (March 24) to June 7.
Some 120 treasures from the Beijing Palace Museum, the First Historical Archives of China, the Museum of Chengde Summer Palace and the Eight Outlying Temples will be featured in the exhibition.
They will provide visitors with a glimpse of the imperial life of the Qing dynasty, its military establishment, religious activities and the Manchu-Mongol relationship.
The Chengde Summer Palace was declared a World Cultural Heritage site in 1994 and is the largest existing royal garden in China. It was constructed under the command of Emperor Kangxi in 1703 and its extension was completed in 1792 during the reign of Qianlong.
The two emperors spent about six months virtually every year in the Summer Palace, where they hunted and handled state affairs.
This practice was followed by most of the successors, making the Summer Palace the second administrative and cultural centre of the Qing dynasty other than the capital, Peking.
Ends/Tuesday, March 23, 2004