發問於 飲食烹飪及食譜 · 1 十年前

(急) What is Italian Cuisine

如題...

什麼是意大利菜...??

(包括介紹,,簡介,,文化,,etc)

請以英文作答...謝...

3 個解答

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  • 1 十年前
    最愛解答

    Italian cuisine is extremely varied: the country of Italy was only unified in 1861, and its cuisines reflect the cultural variety of its regions and its diverse history (with culinary influences from Greek, Roman, Norman and Arab civilizations). Italian cuisine is regarded as a prime example of the Mediterranean diet, and is imitated all over the world.

    To a certain extent there is really no such thing as Italian cuisine in the way that one usually understands national cuisines. Each area has its own proud specialties, primarily at Regional level, but also even at Provincial level. Italian cuisine is not only highly regionalised, it is very seasonal. The high priority placed on the use of fresh, seasonal produce distinguishes the cuisine of Italy from the imitations available in most other countries.

    Regional differences

    Roman cuisine, for example, uses a lot of pecorino (sheep milk cheese) and offal (called frattaje in Rome), while Tuscan cooking features white beans, meat, and unsalted bread. Pizza also varies across the county, the crusts of pizzas in Rome are thin as crackers, while Neapolitan and Sicilian pizza is thicker. The influence of Northern Italian cuisine can be seen in French and German cuisines. Piemonte and Lombardia each grow their own different kind of rices, which are used to make risotto. The North of Italy is the home of polenta. Emilia-Romagna is known for lasagna and tortellini (stuffed pasta), mortadella, prosciutto, and parmigiano. Naples (Napoli) is the home of pizza, mozzarella and pastries (babà, sfogliatelle). Calabria's cuisine uses a lot of hot pepper for its distinctive salami (that are common, in several varieties, in about all the Country) and uses capsicum. Sicily is the home of gelato (ice cream) and granita but its cuisine also has many influences from Arab cuisine (lemon, pistachio) and also includes fish (tuna, swordfish). Sardinia is famous for lamb and pecorino. Every province (sub-division of a Region) has proper desserts and many other recipe.

    Northern versus Southern Italian cooking

    As a general rule, northern and southern Italian cuisines are differentiated primarily by the cooking fat and style of pasta commonly used. Northern Italian cuisine (other than on the coast) favors butter, cream, polenta, Mascarpone, Grana Padano, and Parmigiano cheeses, risotto and fresh egg pasta, while Southern Italian cuisine tends toward Mozzarella, Caciocavallo and Pecorino cheeses, olive oil and dried pasta. Southern Italian cuisine also makes greater use of the ubiquitous tomato. Wines of great renown are produced especially in northern Italy (such as Piedmont's Asti Spumante) but also in southern Italy (just to name one, Marsala).

    Traditional menu structure

    A traditional Italian menu consists of:

    L'antipasto - hot and cold appetizers

    Il primo ("First Course"), usually consists of a hot dish like pasta, risotto, gnocchi, polenta or soup. There are usually abundant vegetarian options.

    Il secondo ("Second Course"), the main dish, usually fish or meat (Pasta is never the main course in a traditional menu). Traditionally veal is the most commonly used meat, at least in the north, though beef has become more popular since World War II and wild game is very popular, particularly in Tuscany.

    Il contorno ("Side Dish") may consist of a salad or vegetables. A traditional menu features salad after the main course.

    Il dolce ("Dessert")

    Il caffè ("Coffee") (espresso)

    Liquors/liqueurs (grappa, amaro, limoncello) sometimes referred to as ammazzacaffè ("Coffee killer")

    Holiday Cuisine

    Italians celebrate each holiday with a different cuisine, each in turn having a specific meaning. During the Christmas season, Italians will celebrate the birth of Jesus with some variation of the Feast of the Seven Fishes where seven different meatless seafood dishes are served on Christmas Eve.

  • 1 十年前

    Italian cuisine is extremely varied: the country of Italy was only unified in 1861, and its cuisines reflect the cultural variety of its regions and its diverse history (with culinary influences from Greek, Roman, Norman and Arab civilizations). Italian cuisine is regarded as a prime example of the Mediterranean diet, and is imitated all over the world.

    Regional differences

    Roman cuisine, for example, uses a lot of pecorino (sheep milk cheese) and offal (called frattaje in Rome), while Tuscan cooking features white beans, meat, and unsalted bread. Pizza also varies across the county, the crusts of pizzas in Rome are thin as crackers, while Neapolitan and Sicilian pizza is thicker. The influence of Northern Italian cuisine can be seen in French and German cuisines. Piemonte and Lombardia each grow their own different kind of rices, which are used to make risotto. The North of Italy is the home of polenta. Emilia-Romagna is known for lasagna and tortellini (stuffed pasta), mortadella, prosciutto, and parmigiano. Naples (Napoli) is the home of pizza, mozzarella and pastries (babà, sfogliatelle). Calabria's cuisine uses a lot of hot pepper for its distinctive salami (that are common, in several varieties, in about all the Country) and uses capsicum. Sicily is the home of gelato (ice cream) and granita but its cuisine also has many influences from Arab cuisine (lemon, pistachio) and also includes fish (tuna, swordfish). Sardinia is famous for lamb and pecorino. Every province (sub-division of a Region) has proper desserts and many other recipe.

    Northern versus Southern Italian cooking

    As a general rule, northern and southern Italian cuisines are differentiated primarily by the cooking fat and style of pasta commonly used. Northern Italian cuisine (other than on the coast) favors butter, cream, polenta, Mascarpone, Grana Padano, and Parmigiano cheeses, risotto and fresh egg pasta, while Southern Italian cuisine tends toward Mozzarella, Caciocavallo and Pecorino cheeses, olive oil and dried pasta. Southern Italian cuisine also makes greater use of the ubiquitous tomato. Wines of great renown are produced especially in northern Italy (such as Piedmont's Asti Spumante) but also in southern Italy (just to name one, Marsala).

    Traditional menu structure

    A traditional Italian menu consists of:

    L'antipasto - hot and cold appetizers

    Il primo ("First Course"), usually consists of a hot dish like pasta, risotto, gnocchi, polenta or soup. There are usually abundant vegetarian options.

    Il secondo ("Second Course"), the main dish, usually fish or meat (Pasta is never the main course in a traditional menu). Traditionally veal is the most commonly used meat, at least in the north, though beef has become more popular since World War II and wild game is very popular, particularly in Tuscany.

    Il contorno ("Side Dish") may consist of a salad or vegetables. A traditional menu features salad after the main course.

    Il dolce ("Dessert")

    Il caffè ("Coffee") (espresso)

    Liquors/liqueurs (grappa, amaro, limoncello) sometimes referred to as ammazzacaffè ("Coffee killer")

    One notable and often surprising aspect of an Italian meal, especially if eaten in an Italian home, is that the primo, or first course, is usually the more filling dish, providing most of the meal's carbohydrates, and will consist of either risotto or pasta (both being excellent sources). The secondo, or second course, which in French or British cuisine really is the main course, is often scant in comparison. The exception to this tends to be in Tuscany, where a traditional menu would see soup served as a primo and a hefty meat dish as the secondo.

    hope to help you^^

    資料來源: wiki
  • 1 十年前

    Italian cuisine is extremely varied: the country of Italy was only unified in 1861, and its cuisines reflect the cultural variety of its regions and its diverse history (with culinary influences from Greek, Roman, Norman and Arab civilization).

    Italian cuisine is regarded as a prime example of the Mediterranean diet, and is imitated all over the world.

    Roman cuisine, for example, uses a lot of pecorino (sheep's cheese) and organ meats (frattaglie), while Tuscan cooking features white beans, meat, and bread without salt; the pizzas of Rome are thin like crackers, while Neapolitan and Sicilian pizza is thicker. Northern Italian dishes tend to be somewhat influenced by French and German cuisines.

    Piemonte and Lombardia each grow their own different kind of rices, which are suitable for risotto. Veneto is the home of polenta. Emilia-Romagna is known for lasagne and tortellini (stuffed pasta), mortadella, prosciutto, parmigiano. Naples (Napoli) is the home of pizza and mozzarella and pastries (babà, sfogliatelle). Calabria's cuisine uses a lot of hot pepper for its kind of salumi. Sicily is the home of gelato (ice cream) but its cuisine also has many influences from the arab cuisine (lemon, pistachio) and also includes fish (tuna, swordfish). Sardinia is famous for lamb and pecorino.

    As a general rule, northern and southern Italian cuisines are differentiated primarily by the cooking fat and style of pasta commonly used. Northern Italian cuisine favors butter, cream, Mascarpone cheese, risotto and fresh egg pasta, while Southern Italian cuisine tends toward Mozzarella cheese (usually from buffalo), olive oil and dried pasta. Southern Italian cuisine also uses a greater amount of tomato.

    ~^^~希望幫到你啦~^^~

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